Week 6 Quiz

March 21, 2018 | Author: jcvoscrib | Category: Awareness, Consciousness, Science, Sleep, Perception


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Week 6 Quiz: What is consciousness?The due date for this quiz is Fri 2 Jan 2015 4:00 AM PET. In accordance with the Coursera Honor Code, I (Juan Carlos Vega Oliver) certify that the answers here are my own work. Question 1 What is phenomenal consciousness? Wakefulness. The ability to discriminate between flavours, such as Coca Cola or chocolate. The subjective "feel" of something, such as the taste of Coca Cola or chocolate. Consciousness of wonderful or ‘phenomenal’ experiences. Question 2 What is the ‘hard problem’ of consciousness? To explain how creatures like ourselves can respond intelligently to stimuli in the environment. To explain how creatures like ourselves can achieve what are known as higher states of consciousness, such as those sometimes experienced during meditation. To explain how creatures like ourselves have phenomenal consciousness. To explain how creatures like ourselves require sleep. Question 3 What is phenomenology? Help Explaining the pressure and temperature of gasses by appealing to laws and mechanisms concerning the constituent molecules of the gas. Question 5 What is Frank Jackson’s thought experiment involving the character Mary supposed to show? Learning everything there is to know about neuroscience is not sufficient to understand the poetic connotations associated with the rose. Learning everything there is to know about neuroscience would not be sufficient to know what it is like. Learning everything there is to know about neuroscience is sufficient to know what it is like. Explaining how a person’s conscious feelings arise by appealing to their brain mechanisms. Explaining why a washing machine broke by appealing to the incompetence of the technician who maintains it. The claim that our phenomenal. from a subjective point of view. to assess which parts of the brain are responsible for conscious experiences. Using introspection to reflect on our conscious life. introspective states cannot be explained scientifically. .Using brain imaging techniques. to experience colour. for example employing an fMRI scanner. The unhealthy psychological effects of prolonged solitary confinement. to experience colour. The subjective “feel” of something such as the taste of chocolate or mint. subjectively. Question 4 Which of the following would be examples of reductive explanations? (Pick 3) Explaining the properties of water by appealing to its underlying chemical structure. Explaining why we fall asleep by appealing to the tiring activities of the preceding day. Explaining why a window is broken by appealing to a brick which has been thrown though it. subjectively. i. i. . asleep. The interpretation that dominates awareness tends to switch every few seconds. but only one interpretation can ever be seen.e. Wakefulness determines whether we are awake or asleep. i. or in a coma? What neural activity is responsible for our moral decision making. An image can be interpreted in two or more different ways. and awareness determines whether or not we are aware of that activity. There is no difference – both terms refer to whether or not we are conscious.e.Question 6 Which of the following questions have scientists researching consciousness recently been interested in? (Pick two) What neural activity is responsible for the fact that we experience anything at all? What neural activity determines the particular state of consciousness that we are in. whilst awareness determines whether we experience anything or not.e. our conscience? What neural activity determines the content of consciousness. Question 8 What are the three hallmarks of a bistable image? (Pick 3) Two interpretations of a single image are consciously perceived at once. Different people see a different interpretation of the same image. awake. Two or more possible conscious interpretations. what we experience? Question 7 What is the difference between wakefulness and awareness? Wakefulness determines whether there is any activity going on in our brain. I (Juan Carlos Vega Oliver) certify that the answers here are my own work. Thanks! . In accordance with the Coursera Honor Code. Submit Answers Save Answers You cannot submit your work until you agree to the Honor Code. as it might be distressing to experience a bistable image that our minds cannot fully comprehend. Question 10 What is backward visual masking used for in consciousness science? Investigating whether consciousness can be used exert an influence on events that have already occurred. Investigating a case where our perceptual experience changes even though the stimulus evoking it does not. Question 9 What are bistable images used for in consciousness science? They are not used. They are used in order to place subjects into a trance-like state. Investigating whether images that we are not consciously aware of can influence our behaviour. Investigating a case where our perceptual experience stays the same even though our environment is changing.Only one interpretation is consciously perceived at any one time. Investigating whether images that we are consciously aware of can be suppressed by later experiences.
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