INTRODUCTIONYear 1952: Late Shri Jagdish Chandar Avasthi, laid the foundation of what‟s today one of the front runners in the Indian Textile Industry. Starting with a small hosiery unit, christened „Avasthi Hosiery‟, the stage was set for what is now an Internationally renowned Textile Conglomerate, having in-house capacities for Yarn Spinning, Yarn Dyeing & Processing, Knitting , Fabric Dyeing & Processing and Garmenting, Retailing & Fashion Education. His son, Shri Raj Kumar Avasthi, joined the family business in 1965 and following in his father‟s able footsteps, hasn‟t looked back since. The Brand „Sportking‟, the group‟s identity today, was conceived in the year 1977 as a humble hosiery manufacturing unit in Ludhiana, christened M/S Sportking Knitwears. Sensing the need for processing of fabrics, Marvel Dyeing was established at Ludhiana in the year 1986. The next venture was Classic Wears Pvt. Ltd., incorporated in the year 1988. Until 1992, the group operations were primarily focused on Garments manufacture, which then shifted to backward integration and forayed into Yarn manufacturing with the conception and incorporation of Sportking India Ltd. The first installation was at Rahon Road, Ludhiana in the year 1992, followed by Sportking Synthetics, near Sahnewal, in the year 1995. In the Endeavour to promote brand „Sportking‟, it was decided to venture into Retail business, under the name „Sportking Fashion Planet‟. Today we have about 50 Retail Outlets across the country and the number is sure to increase in the coming time. Our Garment brands, „Sportking‟, „Mentor‟ &‟Woodburn‟ are quite well known and identified as pocket friendly premium quality, family brands. In year 2000, Sportking Processors was established with the purpose of having in house facility for Fiber, Yarn & Garments Dyeing and Processing. In addition to catering to the internal requirements, Sportking Processors majorly engages in Job Works, for other Yarn & Garments manufacturers. Year 2005, marked the initiation of 2 projects: Sobhagiya Clothing Co- Baddi dedicated to manufacture of garments made with premium yarns and Sportking Institute of Fashion Technology, in affiliation with Pearl Academy- Delhi. Realizing the importance of skill development, the group established „Sportking Institute of Fashion Technology‟, with the aim to serve the society and promote education in Fashion & Textile Designing. The young designers developing there at, are bound to give another dimension to the fashion industry. This institute is dedicated to educating, developing and polishing our future designers. Year 2010 marked the beginning of an entirely new chapter in the Sportking story. Sportking Industries, the group‟s biggest, most daunting and most ambitious project was conceived & conceptualized and installations were initiated. This project has been made operational in a very short span of time and has added to the group‟s strength tremendously. Years of relentless toil and dedication of the Promoters and employees have brought the group to it‟s current glory. Today the group, under the experience & benevolent vision of Raj Avasthi, Group Chairman and dynamism of his son, Munish Avasthi, Managing Director, has blossomed into a vertically integrated textile giant. Mission Statement At Sportking, we‟re constantly striving to surpass the Industry standards in quality, innovation and value, and elevating our image to become the leader in the Industry. We aspire to create lifelong customer relationships & offer opportunities that deliver superior earnings, recognition, service and support, making it easy and rewarding to be affiliated with us. We hope to be known for our leadership edge, through our passion for high standards, our respect for diversity and our commitment to create exceptional opportunities for professional growth so that even our employees can fulfill their highest potential. We will deliver superior returns to our shareholders by tirelessly pursuing new growth opportunities while continually improving our profitability. Ours is a socially responsible, ethical company that is watched and emulated as a model of success. Our corporate philosophy is one of adhering to the highest ethical conduct in all our business dealings, treatment of our employees, and social and environmental policies & regulations. Fashion Education Education is the seed of knowledge. It can be sown at any time in the life to enable one to learn how to live. And to sow the said seed sportking group of industries under Aneeshwar educational society, a society registered under society‟s registration act 1860 was formed in July 2005. Change is constant knowledge is dynamic. The pursuit for education world wide is increasingly looking at equipping students with life & career skills. SIFT Endeavour to kindle this guiding glow in each of its students. Objective of SIFT is to train professionals with comprehensive range of cognitive & intellectual skills, planned to develop across a wide range of learning experiences. The institute has been able to grow steadily since inception, primarily on the foundations of its professionally trained faculty members, who have rich industry experience and are committed to continue research & development. Our teaching is supported by the latest machinery is closely linked with some of the best institutions in the world, as well as industry. SIFT excellent track record in terms of the quality of its education, graduate profile and 100% placement has been able to win trust & confidence from its partners & associates all over the world To meet the certain standards and requirement SIFT equipped itself with remarkable infrastructure; The Campus; Library, Knitting Lab, Pattern Making Lab, Garment Construction Lab, CAD Lab, Textile Testing Lab, Computer Lab, Resource Center, Embroidery Lab and Canteen. Each room has been designed as per the latest demands of Fashion Institute. The Unique Feature of SIFT is the focus on practical and application oriented curriculum. The active involvement of the team members from garment industry ensures tremendous practical exposure. The latent need for professionals in Ludhiana, which is the heart land of the garment Industry in India, compels the sportking group to establish a Fashion institute in Ludhiana. Availability of trained professionals with international exposure will indeed enable Ludhiana to accelerate into a world class manufacturing center for knitwear. PRODUCTION PROCESS Mixing (Fibre) Blowroom Carding Drawing Simplex Ringframe Autocone Packing Production Process of Sportking India Ltd. With sales of Rs. 3,500 million, Sportking is well on its way to becoming one of the biggest brands at all stages of the textile process, from yarn and fabric manufacture to apparel production and retailing, not only on the Indian market but worldwide. Sportking is a corporate group based in Ludhiana. The group‟s portfolio covers the entire textile value chain, from yarns, fabrics and apparel to retailing, and also features a training facility for textile technologists. Based on the powerful vision of its founder Raj Kumar Awasthi, CEO and Chairman, the group regards its mission as investment in socio-economic growth: on the one hand through outstanding performance, on the other by adapting to modern technologies in business and training. This is what brings Sportking and Rieter together. Group CEO Munish Awasthi is not only continuing to pursue the existing business in the spirit of his father, but has also implemented a series of expansion plans in a wide range of sectors along the value chain. Yarn manufacture is the Sportking Group‟s most important business segment. A wide range of yarns are produced, from cotton, manmade fibers, raw white and dyed blends to various fancy yarns such as crochet and chenille yarns. Its first spinning mill was built in 1989 under the name of “Sportking India Ltd.”. The group now operates five spinning installations with 1,50,000 spindles in and around Ludhiana, manufacturing manmade fiber yarns and blends. Five more spinning mills with a total of 1,20,000 spindles for manufacturing cotton, polyester/cotton and blended yarns are being installed in Bathinda. The group has a daily knitting capacity of 2,000 kg of fabric in various knitting constructions. It is vertically integrated and owns two dyeing plants for fiber and yarn with a capacity of 10 tonnes/day each. The making-up facilities in Ludhiana produce a wide range of apparel for men, women and children. The product range includes thermal underwear, T-shirts, pants, tracksuits, sweaters, shorts, leisurewear, jackets and other garments. The company has its own design team and development center for creating new designs and products. It has branches throughout India and its full range of apparel is on offer in 60 outlets. The group has developed its vision further, and through the Sportking Textile Engineering Institute it provides a forum for exchange of technical know-how in the fields of textiles and fashion. Investment in technology and growth Development of the Indian spinning industry, which currently meets 25 per cent of the global demand for yarn, and the growing domestic demand for yarn were the basis for the group‟s decision to expand its spinning capacity by a further 120,000 spindles. Two facilities with 28,800 spindles each have already been installed, and a further three are currently being set up. Rieter is proud to have the opportunity to install a complete spinning mill with Rieter machines for the third time. The second installation with 28,800 spindles is equipped with Rieter‟s latest VARIOline blowroomline. The C 70 high-performance cards deliver carded slivers in the optimal, required quality with an output of up to 95 kg/h. Two Rieter combing lines with the new SB-D 11 single- head draw frames, the OMEGAlap combing preparation machine and the highly productive E 66 combers complete the process. Each machine supplies top-quality combed slivers with noil extraction rates of up to 17% at an output of up to 1,700 kg/h. Four RSB-D 22 double-head autoleveler draw frames featuring Rieter‟s mill proven autolevelling system produce drafter slivers with very low CV values. The ring spinning mill is equipped with 22 G 32 ring spinning machines, each of which produces 206 g of Ne 30 cotton yarn per spindle and shift on 1,440 spindles. As well as state-of-the-art machinery, the Sportking Group has a productive workforce and management with a very high standard of technical know-how and leadership ability, who are able to structure processes and workflows in such a way that the maximum yield can be obtained from the available raw material with the Rieter machines. A partnership – Sportking and Rieter “The world has suddenly become smaller, so any company wishing to grow has to think globally, since the competition is no longer limited to the domestic market,” says Raj Kumar Awasthi. The group‟s vision of boosting socio-economic growth through quality and adaptation to the current state-of-the-art offers Rieter the opportunity to co-operate closely with the Sportking Group in order to achieve high quality in yarn manufacture. Sportking is one of those highly regarded customers in India which offers Rieter a platform for the use of its latest products and innovations. Objectives of the Company The main objectives of the company: 1. The acquire and take over the running business carried on in the name and style of Sportking Knitwear‟s along with the assets and liabilities on such terms and conditions as may be mutually agreed upon. 2. To carry on the business, weavers, knitters, fabricators, manufacturers, processors, importers, exporters, buyers, sellers of and dealers in all kinds of yarns and fibres whether synthetic, artificial of natural, nylon, polyester, acrylic rayon, silk, artificial silk, cotton, jute and any other fibrous material whether synthetic, artificial or natural, textiles, allied products, by-products and substitutes for all or any of them and no treat and utilize any waste arising from any such manufacturer. The process flow for manufacturing Acrylic yarn is shown and briefly explained below: 1. MIXING: In this process, raw fiber is cleared of various contaminations and then fiber is opened up. 2. BLOWROOM: After sorting more cleaning and opening is done with the help of air pressure. 3. CARDING: After mixing and blow room fiber come into the carding machine. In Carding fibers are fully mixed and fully opened and all the dust and unwanted thing go away from the process and we get Silber. 4. DRAWFRAME: In this process, we set the Count. There are 8 Slibers come in process and get one Sliber because process is being increase. This machine is called RSB. 5. SEMPLEX OR SPEEDFRAME: It is used for drawing and Parallelization of fibers from the draw frame. From this process we get Robin. 6. RINGFRAME: Ring frame is used in drawing and twisting of yarn which is to be wound finally. In this process Robin convert into Ring. In this process we set actual count and for actual count we have to set gear, so if we will change the count, we have to change gear. And we have to give some extra effort. So we set the count in Draw frame. 7. AUTOCONE: After ring frame fibers go into the Autocone process. In this process Ring doubling and Reeling are happened. Production Department: Production department is being headed by V.P. (Operation) Mr. Ashok Sharma. Production department comprises of three production units with capacity of 65000 spindles. Average daily consumption of 14-20 tonne to produce average daily 70 metric tone. Company is using semi- automatic technology to produce yarn. Production units are operating with approx. 2500 workers in 24 hours i.e. 3 shifts is a day. Stores Department: Stores officer, S. Satnam Singh, is the head of the stores department. The functions regarding inventory management are performed by this department such as maintain minimum level of stocks, make requisitions for stock, ensuring safety of stocks and other ancillary functions. OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY Provide the details of factory plant and equipment to be used in the manufacturing process. Prepare a schedule of monthly production output for each year of the plan this is a critical success factor. Indicate what production method will be used, including planned production process time. Describe what methods will be adopted to ensure the desired final product quality is achieved to meet the overall manufacturing objectives. RESEARCH METHODOLOGY The purpose of the research methodology is to describe the research procedure. This includes the overall design, the sampling procedure and the data collection method analysis procedures. This section is important because it is hard to discuss methodology without using technical terms. Yet, most of the reader will not understand the technical language. This study was made based on primary data. Distributing the questionnaire to the respondents collected the data. The questionnaire containing questions relating to socio- economic status of the respondents. Sample Size : 50 Sampling Method : Convenience Sampling. Data Collection : Primary & Secondary Data. TOOLS USED FOR DATA COLLECTION Primary data collected through questionnaires and informal interviews. Secondary data collected through magazines, journals, websites, and other corporate publications PROCEDURE FOR DATA COLLECTION. Communication, asking questions and receiving a response in person Visiting the various organizations, libraries, internet and also preparation of the questionnaire with the help of the project guide.