NAPOLCOM REVIEWER M. Mesa PNP LAW RA. 6975 Section 1. Title of the Act. – This Act shall be known as the "Department of the Interior and Local Government Act of 1990." DILG Section 6. Organization. – The Department shall consist of the Department Proper, the existing bureaus and offices of the Department of Local Government, the National Police Commission, the Philippine Public Safety College, and the following bureaus: the Philippine National Police, the Bureau of Fire Protection, and the Bureau of Jail Management and Penology. NAPOLCOM Section 14. Powers and Functions of the Commission. – The Commission shall exercise the following powers and functions: (a) Exercise administrative control over the Philippine National Police; Section 16. Term of Office. – The four (4) regular and full-time Commissioners shall be appointed by the President upon the recommendation of the Secretary. Of the first four (4) commissioners to be appointed, two (2) commissioners shall serve for six (6) years and the two (2) other commissioners for four (4) years. All subsequent appointments shall be for a period of six (6) years each, without reappointment or extension. PNPO Section 23. Composition. – Subject to the limitations provided for in this Act, the Philippine National Police, hereinafter referred to as the PNP, is hereby established, initially consisting of the members of the police forces who were integrated into the Integrated National Police (INP) pursuant to Presidential Decree No. 765, and the officers and enlisted personnel of the Philippine Constabulary (PC). For purposes of this Act, the officers and enlisted personnel of the PC shall include those assigned with the Narcotics Command (NARCOM) or the Criminal Investigation Service (CIS); and those of the technical services of the AFP assigned with the PC and the civilian operatives of the CIS. The regular operatives of the abolished NAPOLCOM Inspection, Investigation and Intelligence Branch may also be absorbed by the PNP. In addition, a PC officer or enlisted personnel may transfer to any of the branches or services of the Armed Forces of the Philippines in accordance with the provisions of Section 85 of this Act. In order to be qualified for transfer to the PNP units in Metropolitan Manila and in highly urbanized cities, an individual must have completed not less than second year collegiate work or its equivalent in training of seventy-two (72) collegiate units. Converted to pdf by: Leonalyn Tayone At the national level. (f) Issue licenses for the possession of firearms and explosives in accordance with law. city or municipal stations. and the technical services of the AFP assigned with the PC. The permanent civilian employees of the present PC. effect the arrest of criminal offenders. subject to existing laws and regulations. – The PNP shall have the following powers and functions: (a) Enforce all laws and ordinances relative to the protection of lives and properties. (e) Detain an arrested person for a period not beyond what is prescribed by law. Powers and Functions. Converted to pdf by: Leonalyn Tayone . service staff and special support units. That in no case shall any officer who has retired or is retirable within six (6) months from his compulsory retirement age be appointed as Chief of the PNP. sea. Each of these regional offices shall be headed by a regional director for peace and order. (d) Exercise the general powers to make arrest. and air capabilities and all necessary material means of resources. the PNP shall be provided with adequate land. the PNP shall maintain its office in Metropolitan Manila which shall house the directorial staff. (b) Maintain peace and order and take all necessary steps to ensure public safety. as well as the police functions of the Coast Guard. Section 24. the PNP shall have regional offices. The PNP shall be composed of a national office. for the practice of their professions. Organization. CIS. – The PNP shall be headed by a Chief who shall be assisted by two (2) deputy chief. all the functions of the present Philippine Air Force Security Command (PAFSECOM). provincial offices. however. Section 25. including that of the National Capital Region. INP. the PNP shall absorb the office of the National Action Committee on Anti-Hijacking (NACAH) of the Department of National Defense. (g) Supervise and control the training and operations of security agencies and issue licenses to operate security agencies. including NAPOLCOM hearing officers holding regular items as such. and to security guards and private detectives. (c) Investigate and prevent crimes. shall be absorbed by the Department as employees thereof. regional offices. In addition. informing the person so detained of all his rights under the Constitution. bring offenders to justice and assist in their prosecution. one (1) for operations and one (1) for administration. Narcotics Command. which may be divided into two (2) separate regions without prejudice to the pertinent provisions of the Organic Act for the Autonomous Regions of the Cordilleras and Muslim Mindanao relative to the creation of a regional police force in the area of autonomy. search and seizure in accordance with the Constitution and pertinent laws. and (h) Perform such other duties and exercise all other functions as may be provided by law. At the regional level. both of whom shall be appointed by the President upon recommendation of the Commission from among the most senior and qualified officers in the service: Provided. In order to perform its powers and functions efficiently and effectively.Anyone who has any pending administrative or criminal case or has been adjudged liable or convicted of any crime pending appeal shall be allowed to join the PNP provisionally without prejudice to final judgment by a body of competent jurisdiction. district offices. powers and duties of the Bureau. there shall be a PNP office. That the minimum police-to-population ratio shall not be less than one (1) policeman for every one thousand (1. – On the average nationwide. Powers. Section 27. in accordance with the rules and regulation prescribed by the Commission. properties. In the case of large provinces. The actual strength by cities and municipalities shall depend on the state of peace and order. the rank classification of the members of the PNP shall be as follows: Commissioned Officer 1 Director General 3 Deputy Director General 11 Director 48 Chief Superintendent Senior Superintendent Superintendent Chief Inspector Senior Inspector Inspector Converted to pdf by: Leonalyn Tayone . Such command and direction of the Chief of the PNP may be delegated to subordinate officials with the respect to the units under their respective commands. the President may extend such term of office. subject to confirmation by the Commission on Appointments: Provided. facilities and other resources. supervision and control.000) persons: Provided. the manning levels of the PNP shall be approximately in accordance with a police-to-population ratio of one (1) policeman for every five hundred (500) persons. Rank Classification.At the provincial level. The Chief of the PNP shall be appointed by the President from among the senior officers down to the rank of chief superintendent. – The command and direction of the PNP shall be vested in the Chief of the PNP who shall have the power to direct and control tactical as well as strategic movements. Section 26. That urban areas shall have a higher minimum police- to-population ratio as may be prescribed by regulations. Section 28. placement. That in times of war or other national emergency declared by Congress. That the Chief of the PNP shall serve a term of office not to exceed four (4) years: Provided. deployment. The Chief of the PNP shall also have the power to issue detailed implementing policies and instructions regarding personnel. Functions and term of Office of the PNP Chief . records. The Chief of the PNP shall. police districts may be established by the Commission to be headed by a district director. funds. population density and actual demands of the service in the particular area: Provided. each headed by a chief of police. further. including its equipment. correspondence and such other matters as may be necessary to effectivity carry out the functions. – For purposes of efficient administration. Manning Levels. utilization of the PNP or any of its units and personnel. within sixty (60) days from the effectivity of this Act and in accordance with the broad guidelines set forth herein. there shall be a PNP station. recommend the organizational structure and staffing pattern of the PNP to the Commission. At the city or municipal level. further. each headed by a provincial director. The heads of the regional offices with the rank of chief superintendent shall assume the position title of Regional Director. The heads of the NCR district offices with the rank of chief superintendent shall have the position title of District Director. The heads of the various staff divisions in the directorial staff shall have the rank of director with the position title of Director of the Directorial Staff of their respective functional divisions. At the national office. The third in command with the rank also of deputy director general shall be the Deputy Chief of the PNP for Operations. The heads of provincial offices with the rank of senior superintendent shall be known as Provincial Director. The heads of the municipality or city offices with the rank of chief inspector shall be known as Chief of Police. General Qualifications for Appointment. The head of the NCR with the rank of director shall assume the position title of NCR Director. the head of the directorial staff with the rank of deputy director general shall be known as Chief of the Directorial Staff of the PNP. – The head of the PNP with the rank director general shall have the position title of Chief of the PNP. – No person shall be appointed as officer or member of the PNP unless he possesses the following minimum qualifications: (a) A citizen of the Philippines. The head of the Inspectorate Division with the rank of chief superintendent shall assume the position title of Inspector General. Section 30. Converted to pdf by: Leonalyn Tayone . The heads of the administrative and operational support divisions shall have the rank of chief superintendent. The second in command of the PNP with the rank of deputy director general shall be the Deputy Chief of the PNP for Administration.Non Commissioned Officer Senior Police Officer IV Senior Police Officer III Senior Police Officer II Senior Police Officer I Police Officer III Police Officer II Police Officer I Section 29. Key Positions. The heads of the district offices with the rank of superintendent shall have the position title of District Director. (c) Senior Superintendent to Deputy Director General. and sex. (h) Must be at least one meter and sixty-two centimeters (1. Appointment of PNP Officers and Members. and (d) Director General. in times of war or other national emergency declared by Congress. – Appointed by the Chief of the PNP. (i) Must weight not more or less than five kilograms (5 kg.) for female. (d) Must possess a formal baccalaureate degree for appointment as officer and must have finished at least second year college or the equivalent of seventy-two (72) collegiate units for appointment as non-officer or an equivalent training or experience for those already in the service upon the effectivity of this Act. age. with proper endorsement by the Chairman of the Civil Service Commission and subject to confirmation by the Commission on Appointments.62 m. Converted to pdf by: Leonalyn Tayone .) in height for male and one meter and fifty-seven centimeters (1. That. as recommended by their immediate superiors. – The Civil Service Commission shall administer the qualifying entrance examinations for policemen on the basis of the standards set by the NAPOLCOM. – Appointed by the President from among the senior officers down to the rank of chief superintendent in the service.57 m. (g) Must not have been convicted be final judgment of an offense or crime involving moral turpitude. (c) Of sound mind and body. – The appointment of the officers and members of the PNP shall be effected in the following manner: (a) Police Officer I to Senior Police Officer IV .) of the standard weight corresponding to his or her height. the President may extend such tour of duty. Section 31. attested by the Civil Service Commission. Section 32. (b) Inspector to Superintendent. (f) Must not have been dishonorably discharged from military employment or dismissed for cause from any civilian position in the Government. must not be less than twenty-one (21) nor more than thirty (30) years of age. and (j) For a new applicant. (e) Must be eligible in accordance with the standards set by the Commission. Examinations for Policemen. That the Chief of the PNP shall serve a tour of duty not to exceed four (4) years: Provided. – Appointed by the President upon recommendation of the chief of the PNP. further. – Appointed by the PNP regional director for regional personnel or by the Chief of the PNP for the national headquarters personnel and attested by the Civil Service Commission.(b) A person of good moral conduct. subject to confirmation by the Commission on Appointments: Provided. Green Laurel with 14 leaves. Status of Members of the Philippine National Police. optometrists. nurses. engineers. the Philippine Constabulary became the nucleus of the Integrated National Police in 1975 to nurture the then embryonic concept of the nationalization of the country's local police forces. maturing and ultimate realization of the glorious evolution of the PC/INP into a National Police Organization . Graduates of the Philippine National Police Academy (PNPA) shall be automatically appointed to the initial rank of inspector. The benevolent and heroic warrior who derived added strength from a cohesive. nationalism. and chaplains shall be appointed to the rank of senior inspector in their particular technical service. self-reliance and a people- based and people powered community defense.Luzon.Section 33. Licensed criminologists may be appointed to the rank of inspector to fill up any vacancy after promotions from the ranks are completed. symbolizes the 14 Regional Commands. Laurel . zeal and dedication in keeping with the highest ideals and traditions of service to our country and people. – In general. cohesiveness. and graduates of forensic sciences. determined and loyal people is today a fitting symbol and a prototype as well of people power to preserve our values. camaraderie and equanimity to enhance community acceptance and support to attain its mission of peace keeping and law enforcement. That PNP members assigned in Metropolitan Manila. Shield . such as dentist. The PC has carved out a large part of the glorious pages of Philippine history. the prototype of the best and most noble in Filipino manhood who is the symbol and embodiment of all the genuine attributes of leadership. Three Stars . 175."national in scope and civilian in character" . way of life and the rule of law thru a solidly community-based police system. all original appointments of commissioned officers in the PNP shall commence with the rank of inspector.Symbolize the flowering. Section 36. – The members of the PNP shall be considered employees of the National Government and shall draw their salaries therefrom: Provided. chartered cities and first class municipalities may be paid in additional monthly allowance by the local government unit concerned. Service • Honor • Justice . enacted by the Philippine Commission on 18 July 1901.The symbol of the Philippine Constabulary. Lapu-Lapu also personifies for us today civilian constitutional authority. men and women of the PNP to insure efficiency. integrity. Doctors of medicine. Most appropriately therefore. The Traditional Converted to pdf by: Leonalyn Tayone .as enshrined in the 1986 Constitution.The great Filipino hero of Mactan. Sun . customs. members of the Bar.700 islands and the territorial integrity wherein the National Police must enforce the law and maintain peace and order with professionalism.Added distinct ideals for the officers. traditions. Lateral Entry of Officers into the PNP. dignity and the privilege of being a member of a noble organization where the call to public service is par excellence a commitment to public trust. It is also a symbol of the honor. PNP Seal and Badge PNP Seal Meaning and Symbolism Lapu-Lapu Hero . as attested by its proudly and deservedly garnering 86 of the 92 "Medals of Valor" the highest honor that a grateful Filipino nation can bestow on its gallant sons in the service of the Republic. the first National Police by virtue of Organic Act No. The Philippine Constabulary for the close to 90 years of service to the nation has performed with honor. Visayas and Mindanao and the 1. to include all those with highly technical qualifications applying for the PNP technical services. professionalism and courage. courage. (d) Conduct an assessment of the training needs of all its clientele. whose functions shall be as follows: (a) Formulate and implement training programs for the personnel of the Department. Section 67. human resource development and continuing education of all personnel of the PNP. Said College shall be under the direct supervision of a Board of Trustees composed of the Secretary and the three (3) bureau heads.Symbol of protection of all citizens. and other special training centers as may be created by the Department. which shall be the premier educational institution for the training.light rays which represents the fightingest provinces whose ideals of courage and patriotism the members of the National Police must possess. PNP Badge Meaning and Symbolism Philippine Monkey Eating Eagle The National Bird – symbol of swiftness and ferocity.Represents the eight (8) provinces whose ideals of courage. zeal and dedication in keeping with the highest ideals and traditions of service to God. Country and People. (b) Establish and maintain adequate physical training facilities. Laurel Leaves . – The College shall consist of the present Philippine National Police Academy (PNPA) established pursuant to Section 13 of Presidential Decree No. Converted to pdf by: Leonalyn Tayone . Powers and Functions. Eight Sun Rays .Identity of Solidarity. the National Police College. the Fire Service Training Center. 1184. Creation of the Philippine Public Safety College. Three Stars .Service is the vibrant and cogent deeds and actions in response to the needs and wants of the people in distress: Honor could be the overriding criterion and consideration in the performance of their entrusted task or mission: and Justice dispensed to everyone whatever is due to him without favoritism or discrimination of any sort. Visayas and Mindanao which constitute the Republic's Territorial Integrity over which the PNP must enforce the law and maintain peace and order with professionalism. Fire and Jail Bureaus. and (e) Perform such other related functions as may be prescribed by the Secretary. Service. courage and immortality.Symbolizes the bravery of the Philippine National Police. power. gallantry patriotism led to their revolt against Spain. (c) Develop and implement research and development to support educational training programs. PNP Shield . PPSC Section 66.Stands for Luzon. Honor. – There is hereby created the Philippine Public Safety College (PPSC). Philippine National Police . Justice .Symbolizes the competency. Composition. Lapu – Lapu . the Philippine National Training Center (PNTC). brilliance and honor in the field of endeavor expected from each and every member of the PNP. – This Act shall be known as the "Philippine National Police Reform and Reorganization Act of 1998". drug and physical tests to be administered by the PNP or by any NAPOLCOM accredited government hospital for the purpose of determining physical and mental health. THE PHILIPPINE NATIONAL POLICE A. Authority of the Commission to Reorganize the PNP. Section 30 of Republic Act No. and "j) For a new applicant. The PNP reorganization program shall be approved by Congress through a joint resolution. clerical or menial in nature and other positions which are not actually and directly related to police operation. must not be less than twenty-one (21) nor more than thirty (30) years of age: except for the last qualification. 1998. subject to the limitations provided under this Act and based on the following criteria: a) increased police visibility through dispersal of personnel from the headquarters to the field offices and by the appointment and assignment of non-uniformed personnel to positions which are purely administrative. – Notwithstanding the provisions of Republic Act No. "g) Must not have been convicted by final judgment of an offense or crime involving moral turpitude.) for female.) from the standard weight corresponding to his or her height. and sex. "c) Must have passed the psychiatric/psychological. age. Organization. B.57 m. 8551 Section 1.Section 68. – No person shall be appointed as officer or member of the PNP unless he or she possesses the following minimum qualifications: "a) A citizen of the Philippines.) in height for male and one meter and fifty-seven centimeters (1. REORGANIZATION Section 13. QUALIFICATIONS UPGRADING Section 14. "b) A person of good moral conduct. 6975 is hereby amended to read as follows: "SEC. and b) efficient and optimized delivery of police services to the communities. and prepare and submit to Congress a proposed reorganization plan of the PNP not later than December 31. Title. the above-enumerated qualifications shall be continuing in character and an absence of any one of them at Converted to pdf by: Leonalyn Tayone . General Qualifications for Appointment. "f) Must not have been dishonorably discharged from military employment or dismissed for cause from any civilian position in the Government. "d) Must possess a formal baccalaureate degree from a recognized institution of learning. 30. – The structure and staffing pattern of the College shall be prescribed by the Secretary. "e) Must be eligible in accordance with the standards set by the Commission. the Commission shall conduct a management audit.62 m. 6975 on the organizational structure and rank classification of the PNP. "i) Must weigh not more or less than five kilograms (5 kgs. technical. "h) Must be at least one meter and sixty-two centimeters (1. – Any PNP uniformed personnel who is admitted due to the waiver of the educational or weight requirements shall be issued a temporary appointment pending the satisfaction of the requirement waived. Section 18. Section 19. furthermore. "For the purpose of determining compliance with the requirements on physical and mental health. – Any PNP member who shall be dismissed under a waiver program shall be eligible to re-apply for appointment to the PNP: Provided. finally. the PNP by itself or through a NAPOLCOM accredited government hospital shall conduct regular psychiatric. Waivers for Initial Appointments to the PNP. That any applicant not meeting the weight requirement shall be given reasonable time but not exceeding six (6) months within which to comply with the said requirement: Provided. That he or she possesses the minimum qualifications under Section 14 of this Act and his or her reappointment is not by virtue of another waiver program. and investigation as a requirement for permanency of their appointment. That a waiver for height requirement shall be automatically granted to applicants belonging to the cultural communities. traffic. psychological drug and physical tests randomly and without notice. Section 20. – The age. Increased Qualifications for Provincial Directors.any given time shall be a ground for separation or retirement from the service: Provided. current members of the PNP who will fail to satisfy any of the requirements enumerated under this Section shall be separated from the service if they are below fifty (50) years of age and have served in Government for less than twenty (20) years or retired if they are from the age of fifty (50) and above and have served the Government for at least twenty (20) years without prejudice in either case to the payment of benefits they may be entitled to under existing laws. as well as the non-use of prohibited drugs. (b) height. That PNP members who are already in the service upon the effectivity of this Act shall be given at least two (2) more years to obtain the minimum educational qualification and one (1) year to satisfy the weight requirement. – The selection of applicants under the Waiver Program shall be subject to the following minimum criteria: a) Applicants who possess the least disqualification shall take precedence over those who possess more disqualifications. furthermore. and (d) education. weight. Selection Criteria Under the Waiver Program. Any member who will fail to satisfy any of the waived requirements within the specified time periods under Section 13 of this Act shall be dismissed from the service. Re-application of Dismissed PNP Members Under a Waiver Program." Section 15. Section 17. That anybody who will enter the service without a baccalaureate degree shall be given a maximum of four (4) years to obtain the required educational qualification: Provided. b) The requirements shall be waived in the following order: (a) age. That an applicant shall not be below twenty (20) nor over thirty-five (35) years of age: Provided. That only applicants who have finished second year college or have earned at least seventy-two (72) collegiate units leading to a bachelor's decree shall be eligible for appointment: Provided. – All uniformed members of the PNP shall undergo a Field Training Program for twelve (12) months involving actual experience and assignment in patrol. and educational requirements for initial appointment to the PNP may be waived only when the number of qualified applicants fall below the minimum annual quota: Provided. Section 16. height. (c) weight. Nature of Appointment Under a Waiver Program. further. – No person may be appointed Director of a Provincial Police Office unless: Converted to pdf by: Leonalyn Tayone . "After the lapse of the time period for the satisfaction of a specific requirement. The Commission shall promulgate rules and regulations to address other situations arising from the waiver of the entry requirements. The Field Training Program. the watchdog of the PNP. criminal justice. furthermore. That the appointee has successfully passed the required field training program and has complied with other requirements as may be established by the Commission: Provided. 6975 is hereby amended to read as follows: "SEC. It is an organization within the structure of the PNP. criminology. sociology. That the chief of police shall be appointed in accordance with the provisions of Section 51. and b) has satisfactorily passed the required training and career courses necessary for the position as may be established by the Commission. 8551. History of PNP RA 6975. Administer and Controlled the PNP. criminal justice. 32.a) he or she holds a master's degree in public administration. defense studies.Country’s Police Force NAPOLCOM. criminology. 34. 6975 is hereby amended to read as follows: "SEC.Internal Affairs Service. No person shall be appointed chief of a municipal police station unless he or she has finished at least second year Bachelor of Laws or has earned at least twelve (12) units in a master's degree program in public administration.“An Act Establishing the Philippine National Police Under e Reorganized Department of the Department of the Interior and Local Government and for Other Purposes” ended the existence of the Philippine Constabulary and the Integrated National Police. further. national security administration. law enforcement. and other related disciplines from a recognized institution of learning: Provided. or other related discipline from a recognized institution of learning. Section 34 of Republic Act No. PNP. – No person shall be appointed chief of a city police station unless he/she is a graduate of Bachelor of Laws or has finished all the required courses of a master's degree program in public administration. paragraph (b). law enforcement. Qualifications Upgrading Program. law enforcement. criminal justice. otherwise he or she shall be relieved from the position. Examinations of Policemen. Any PNP personnel who is currently occupying the position but lacks any of the qualifications mentioned above shall be given three (3) years upon the effectivity of this Act to comply with the requirements. Converted to pdf by: Leonalyn Tayone . – The National Police Commission shall administer the entrance and promotional examinations for policemen on the basis of the standards set by the Commission." Section 23. national security administration.The Agency that Supervise. Section 21. licensed criminologists or graduates of the Philippine National Police Academy and who possess the general qualifications for initial appointment to the PNP shall be qualified for appointment as chief of a city or municipal police station: Provided. Amended by RA 8551. subparagraph 4(i) of this Act. defense studies. and the Commission on Higher Education through a distance education program and/or an in-service education program or other similar programs within ninety (90) days from the effectivity of this Act.“PNP Reform and Reorganization Act of 1998” Amended by RA 9708. criminology. – The Commission shall design and establish a qualifications upgrading program for the Philippine National Police officers and members in coordination with the Civil Service Commission. Qualifications of Chief of City and Municipal Police Stations." Section 22. That members of the Bar with at least five (5) years of law practice. national security administration. Section 32 of Republic Act No. and other related disciplines from a recognized institution of learning. IAS. Columbus Piatt – the Last American COP of MPD.Japanese police force ruled in the Philippines. Insular Constabulary – created by virtue Act. Antonio C. RA 541 – Police Pension Law PD 1184 – Police Professionalization Law of 1977. Appointed by President Fidel V. Manila Police Department (MPD) – created during the first American Occupation renamed into “Metropolitan Constabulary” under the Bureau of Constabulary.Second Police Director General/ PNP Chief. Father of PC. PD 765 – PC/INP Law. 183 of the Philippine Commission. gives birth to the PNPA. Col. Establishing and constituted the Integrated national police which shall be composed of PC as the nucleus and the integrated police forces (fire and jail department) as components. By virtue of Act Nr. Umberto R. police commission under office of the president of the Philippines. 1901 – Insular constabulary was changed to Philippine Constabulary by virtue of Act Nr. Nr. Torres – 1st Filipino COP when Manila Police Department became an all Filipino Organization Col. Brig/Gen. which shall be national in scope and civilian in character. Ramos. Roxas under the Republic Government. Kempetai. Article XVI Section 6 of the Philippine Constitution – The state shall established and maintain one police force. Rafael T.Organic Act 175.Third Police Director General/ PNP Chief. Imperial . Lamberto T. Converted to pdf by: Leonalyn Tayone . “An Act providing for the organization of an insular Constabulary and for the inspection of the Municipal police. RA 4864 – Police Act of 1966. PD 1184 – The Integrated National Police Personnel Professionalization Act of 1977. Rodriguez . Marcus Ellis Jones – a US Provost Marshall who was named MPD COP just after Manila Liberation. Capt. This law gives birth to NAPOLCOM RA 6040 – amended certain section of RA 2260 known as the Civil Service Act of 1969. Crame – 1st Filipino COP of PC. October 3. Allen – 1st Chief of Philippine Constabulary. Insular Police Force – established during the Filipino American War upon recommendation of the Philippine Commission to the Secretary of War. Nazareno – First Police Director General/ PNP Chief. Henry T.creating insular police force. 225 Brig/Gen. 175 Capt. to be administer and controlled by the NAPOLCOM. Col. Cesar P. George Curry – US Army officer appointed by TAFT COMMISSION and the 1st CHIEF OF POLICE of MPD. Raul S. Javalera – 1st COP of MPD appointed by Pres. Cebu – Island of ZUGBO.Roxas became the 1st president of the new republic. The Capital of the new Spanish colony. PHILIPPINE HISTORY Philippines – Pearl of the Orient. Pearl Harbor. comprises more than 7. 1946. Jones Act – instituted an elected Philippine senate and compromised eventual independence. KKK – kataastaasan kagalang galang na katipunan ng mga anak ng bayan. The NEW Capital of the Spanish colony. 1898 – The Spanish-American War ended. Franklin D. Lapu-Lapu of Mactan.the Japanese surprise attack in America Clark field in Pampanga. Martial Law – imposed by President Ferdinand E. April 1948 – Roxas died and was succeeded by Vice President Quirino. William Howard Taft – President of United States appointed General MacArthur to rule and govern the Philippines. People Power Movement – 4 day protest in Manila. in EDSA Ferdinand Magellan – 1st recorded European contact with the Philippine Island.bombing mission of Japanese in the Philippines. KATIPUNAN. Rajah Soliman – controlled an area of Luzon. Humabon in waging a battle against a rival chieftain. Treaty of Paris – Peace negotiation between spain and the United States. who won presidency in 1949. Deep-water harbor – at subic bay. who died in the US. 1565 – 1st Spanish settlement in the Philippines was established on cebu by Miguel Lopez de Legaspi. Hiroshima & Nagasaki – City in Japan wherein the American Air Force drops a Nuclear Bomb. April 1946.hukbong ng bayan laban sa hapon 1944 – Osmenia succeeded Quezon.EO 1040 – transferred the administrative control and supervision on INP from Ministry on National Defense (MND) to the NAPOLCOM. Roosevelt – New President of US who supports the Tydings-McDuffie Act of 1934 stipulated that the Philippines would become an independent republic on July 4. Converted to pdf by: Leonalyn Tayone .100 islands. Biac-na-bato – a place that in negotiated truce. HUKBALAHAPS. organized by Andres Bonifacio. major anchorage for the US naval fleet. Marcos. Marcos Proclaimed Martial Law by virtue of Proclamation No. The 1st president who win a second term. EDSA – epifanio de los Santos Avenue Mendiola Massacre – government security forces opened fire on the protester and killed 20 people.is an act or omission punishable by law. Marcos. Law Enforcement –First component and pillar of the CJS. 1961 . September 21. and was elected president in his own right in November 1957. conducts arrest. Misdemeanor or Violation or Obstruction of Ordinance – crime punishable by municipal or city ordinances Justice – is the act of rendering what are due or treating persons equally. 1081. forbidding or commanding it. The one who file information. March 1957 – Magsaysay died in plane crash and was succeeded by his vice president Carlos Garcia. Criminal Justice System – is the machinery which the society uses in prevention and control crime. The prime mover or front liner of the CJS. Felony – crime punishable by Revised Penal Code (RA. etc. (also BIR) They are the one who file complaint.3815) Offense – crime punishable by special penal laws.Luis Taruc – HUKS Leader. CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM Criminal – is a person convicted of a crime by a final judgment Suspect – arrested for the commission of a crime and he is in the law enforcement stage. 1972 – President Ferdinand E. 1953. Converted to pdf by: Leonalyn Tayone . They are called the police. System – is a combination of related elements organized into a complex prevention and control of crime. Prosecution – conducts preliminary investigation to determine the existence of probable cause. 1965 – election gave to presidency to Ferdinand E.Diosdado Macapagal win the presidency.Magsaysay was the clear winner in the presidential election. search seizures. Respondent – in the prosecution stage Accused – in court Criminal or Convict or Inmate – in correction Ex-convict – in the community Crime . Inflagrante Delicto – caught in the act of committing a crime Search Warrant . Custodial Investigation – is any questioning initiated by law enforcement officers after a person has been taken into custody of otherwise deprived of his freedom of action in any significant way. commanding him to search for personal property described therein and deliver them before the court. The “cornerstone” or “centerpiece” of the CJS. Correction– reforms and rehabilitates the offenders. This is known as the weakest pillar in CJS.Court – conducts trial to determine whether the accused is guilty or innocent of the charge. Human Relation – consists of fundamental precepts. signed by the judge and directed to a peace officer. Crime – Desire + Opportunity (to commit a crime) over Resistance (not to commit a crime) Arrest – is the taking of a person into custody in order that he may bound to answer for the commission of an offense. commanding him to arrest a person or persons stated therein and deliver them before the court. both moral and legal which governs the relationship among men in all aspects of life. Arizona. Warrant of Arrest – is an order in writing issued in the name of People of the Philippines. detained. confidence. Police Public Relation – is the continuing process by which endeavors are made to obtain the goodwill and cooperation of the public for the effective enforcement of the law and the accomplishment of police purpose.is an order in writing issued in the name of People of the Philippines. detaining and investigating officers. signed by the judge and directed to a peace officer. Doctrine of the Fruit of the Poisonous Tree – any evidence illegally obtained is not admissible in any proceeding. Converted to pdf by: Leonalyn Tayone . Confession – direct acknowledgement of guilt. Community – molds persons from birth and reintegrates offender back to their home. Police Community Relation – is defined as the sum total dealings of the police with the people it serves and whose goodwill and cooperation it craves for to insure the greatest possible efficiency in the public service. This is the core of the CJS. and providing penalties for violation thereof.indirect acknowledgement of guilt. Admission . RA 7438 – An Act Defining certain rights of person arrested. Constitutional Rights of persons under investigation for the commission of an offense. or under custodial investigation as well as the duties of the arresting. Teodulo Natividad – introduced CJS in the Philippines LAW ENFORCEMENT Public Relation – is the act of bringing about better understanding . and acceptance of an individual or an organization. Miranda Rights – Miranda vs. The arbiter of Justice. of the facts and issue of the case. for the purpose of determining such issue. Recognizance – is the release of the defendant on the custody of a responsible member of the community who shall guarantee his appearance whenever required by the court. Converted to pdf by: Leonalyn Tayone . Complaint – is a sworn written statement charging a person with an offense. Bail – is a security given for the release of a person in custody of the law. try. Probable Cause – is the existence of sufficient ground to engender well founded belief that a crime has been committed and the respondent is probably guilty thereof. and decide a case.PROSECUTION Inquest Proceeding . Information – is an accusation in writing charging a person with an offense. plaintiff. Preliminary Investigation – is an inquiry held for the purpose of ascertaining whether or not probable cause is present. Quash – literally to put stop. Preponderance of Evidence – means that the testimony adduced by one side is more credible and conclusive that the other. subscribed by the offended party. Proof beyond Reasonable Doubt – is the degree of proof which produces conviction in an unprejudiced mind. a public officer. subscribed by the prosecutor and filed in court.is a proceeding done by the inquest prosecutor to determine the validity of a warrantless arrest. It is the act of formally declaring that the law or a court’s verdict is invalid. RA 9344 – Juvenile Justice Welfare Act of 2006. any peace officer. according to the laws of the land. appointed to preside to and administer the law in a court of justice. or other public officer charged with the enforcement of the law violated. Certification Against Forum Shopping – the complainant. COURT Judge – is an officer so named in his commission who presides in some court. furnish by him or a bondsman. Jurisdiction – is the power and authority to hear. Trial – is the examination before a competent tribunal. and asking him whether he pleads guilty or not guilty. reading the same in a language or dialect known to him. or principal party shall certify under oath in his complaint or other initiatory pleading asserting a claim of relief. Substantial Evidence – is the relevant evidence which the reasonable mind might accepts as adequate to support a conclusion. to guarantee his appearance before any court as required under the conditions specified by law. Arraignment – is made in an open court by the judge or clerk furnishing the accused of the copy of the complaint of information. Detainees – are those undergoing investigation/trial. and rebellion. Appeal – is a resort to a superior court to review the decision of an inferior court or administrative agency. Parole – is the suspension of sentence of a convict after having served the minimum sentence imposed without granting pardon. Provincial Jail – administer by Provincial Government Prisons – administered by (BuCor) Bureau of Correction. It is under the (DILG) Department of Interior and Local Government. or awaiting trial/sentence. prescribing the terms of the suspension. Jails – are housing persons who are deprived of their liberty for not more than 3 years. such as character. is released subject to conditions imposed by the court and under the supervision of a probation officer. such as treason. Department of Justice – it holds the Bureau of Prisons Old Bilibid Prison – at present Manila City Jail. Judgment – is adjudication by the court that the accused is guilty or not guilty of the offense charged and the imposition of him of the proper penalty and civil liability. Reprieve and Suspension – the temporary stay or postponement of sentence. Probation – is a disposition under which a defendant. if any. Bureau of Jail Management and Penology (BJMP) – administer at the city and municipal jails. after conviction and sentence. Commutation – is an act of the President reducing the penalty of a convict. Interlocutory Order – is one which does not finally determine a cause of action but only decides some intervening matter pertaining to the cause. sedition. CORRECTION Prisoners – are those convicted by final judgment. Pardon – is an executive clemency granted by the President/Chief Executive. Pardoning Power of the President Amnesty – is an act of sovereign power granting oblivion or general pardon for a past offense usually granted in favor of certain classes of persons who have committed crimes of political character. deprived of their liberty for more than 3 years.Alibi – is an averment that the person was at another place for such a period of time that it was impossible for him to have been at the place where the act was committed at the time of its commission. Converted to pdf by: Leonalyn Tayone . Home – Cradle of human personality Marriage – is a special contract of permanent union between a man and a woman entered into in accordance with law for the establishment of conjugal and family life. Converted to pdf by: Leonalyn Tayone . or agency through which a political unit exercises its authority. preserve. Government – is the organization. controls and administers public policy. Church – is the religious society founded and established by Jesus Christ to receive. Is a social union or legal contract between people that creates kinship. School – is an institution or place for instruction or education. and propagate His doctrines and ordinances.COMMUNITY Community – is a group of persons living I a particular place. and directs and controls the actions of its members or subjects.