ASSIGNMENT OF MANANGEMENT PROCESS AND ORGANISATIONAL BEHAVIOURAssignment1) Importance of communication and ways of effective communication in an organization. ANS. Communication serves as a foundation for planning and organising, promoting motivation, altering individual's attitudes and in socialisation. It can be verbal or written such as emails, formal letters or memos. It is the basic method through which humans interact. IMPORTANCE: 1. Conflict is reduced. Most conflict is the result of misunderstood communication. When you become an effective communicator, you can resolve conflict and create harmony by bridging the communication gaps that create conflict. You can even use your skills to mediate conflict between other people. 2. Get more of what you want out of life. When you learn to communicate effectively in ways that people instinctively understand, they will be delighted to help you and provide you with the resources that you need to achieve your goals and dreams. 3. Have stronger relationships. Effective communication builds strong business and personal relationships because you learn to understand exactly what people want and how to give it to them. Learn to communicate your thoughts and emotions in ways that they instinctively understand at an unconscious level. Help people to adopt your ideas. and focusing on your partner by making a conscious effort to listen first instead of trying to get your message . telephone conversations.e. 3. faceto-face talks. When you relate better. The biggest reason that most of us are poor listeners is that we don’t take the time to actively listen.4. people will like you. Ways of effective communication in an organization. Use Multiple Channels for Organizational Communication – One of the most effective ways to ensure that people get your message is to send it across multiple channels. face your communication partner with an open stance). As you practice and develop your skills. You can do this by utilizing reflective listening skills (paraphrasing what your speaking partner has said to confirm understanding). The key is to make sure you always employ multiple methods to disseminate your message. Some of the more effective channels include meetings.. 1. e-mail. you can improve organizational communication by repeating important messages from time to time... Effective communication is not about "you" and getting what you want. one-on-one) communication. you will find that people gladly adopt your ideas because you have subtly helped them to discover them for themselves rather than telling them about them. Using effective communication will help you to understand other people better and when you understand them. you will relate to them better. and memos. and never rely on a single channel.g. postings. Make Important Messages Repetitive – In addition to using multiple channels. it is about discovering what other people want and need and then adapting your presentation to match their needs. 5. using good nonverbal behaviors and body posture (e. faxes. 2. Focus on Listening – This is vital during individual (i.. People will like you better. bulletins. Take example and findings of at least one organization. speak openly and honestly. Wal-Mart takes all of its effort to make employees feel like they are part of the company because they are sources of new idea for Wal-Mart to develop (Soderquist. and be as straightforward as possible (i.across first. Internal and external factors that stimulate desire and energy in people to be continually interested and committed to a job. Handle Communication Problems – Finally. Do this by saying to yourself. ANS. dealing with difficult people and managing cultural differences. These factors are the reasons one has for behaving a certain way. difficulty in resolving problems. I will address these issues in future posts. Such problems include conflict. I am only going to listen”. Motivating employees into the same culture is one of Sam’s goals. To do this. One of the basic activities that lead Wal-Mart to successfully manage its people is motivation. (2) incentive or reward value of the goal. 2005). and (3) expectations of the individual and of his or her peers.e. role or subject. 4. we must become more effective at managing the communication problems that will inevitably arise during human interaction. Get Your Message Across – After you listen and fully understand your communication partner. and check for understanding to make sure your message has been received accurately. “for the next three minutes. Motivation is alive through all levels of positions at Wal- . Assignment2) Find out the various ways which are used by organizations in order to motivate the employees of the organization. or to make an effort to attain a goal. An example is a student that spends extra time studying for a test because he or she wants a better grade in the class. misunderstandings. speak inclusively and use terms that will be understood and respected by a diverse array of individuals. you must make sure you can get your message across in the exact way it is intended. Motivation results from the interaction of both conscious and unconscious factors such as the (1) intensity of desire or need. 5.. no “beating around the bush”). ” Though. Wal-Mart also tries to get involve with associations’ crisis directly and indirectly. Addition to these benefit plans. For financial benefit. The program called . Sam had suggested a new way of treating his associates by calling all levels of them by their first name and displaying only the first name on the ID badge. This company motivates employees in many different ways in order to prove that the company is not only care about profit they can gain from employees but also employees’ crises. 2005).C Penny by referring the employees as associates because it can make them feel more engagement with the company. people at Wal-Mart are full with respect regardless of their position. Wal-Mart also had implemented a cash incentive plan for employees to get additional income depend on company’s performance. He was unbelievable to see all associations and department managers had stood up with ovation to Gracie. Because of Sam’s belief that the company was built by the people. Wal-Mart started to share profit to its people in 1971. pharmacies. Wal-Mart had agreed with J. Soderquist had told from his experience of visiting the Wal-Mart store in Bartless. All associations at Wal-Mart and their immediate family can get a health insurance at a very low price which includes primary doctor. One of the facts proved about this motivation is the used of term “association” instead of “employee”. Sooner.Mart. After that. and dental. Moreover. Everyone in the company is getting more involves by calling the other’s first name because it can create a familyoriented business instead of boss-oriented one. After that. who was a cleaner lady of the store for many years (Soderquist. Wal-Mart has enabled all associations an access to own company’s shares by selling stock to them at a discounted price and without brokerage fee. from hourly associations to top managers or even the founder of the company is calling each other by their first name only. Wal-Mart had renamed its human resource department as a “people department. the word sound simple but it touches people’s heart deeply. vision. Wal-Mart also encourage people through health care benefit and financial benefit. Beside the way of treating people. Tennessee. Wal-Mart also provides educational motivation via many training programs such as technology. prospective. . Wal-Mart also helps the associations’ crisis by hiring a special psychologist team to counsel on their problems. board of directors or even Sam will be in charged. and value. Wal-Mart has created an exciting environment workplace with respect. and management to all of it associates. As a result from all of these motivations. leadership. Beside emotional motivation.door open which provides a direct access for all associations to express their problems to the store manager and if the manager cannot find the solution the next level of management such as supervisors. CEO.