June 10, 2018 | Author: Prakash Daniel | Category: Hydroelectricity, Reservoir, Electricity, Turbine, Power Station



HOME MADE ELECTRICITYBy: YEDLA VASUDEVA Guide Teacher : Smt M.L.T.Sundari Sponsors of this Project: Directorate of Science & Technology, New Delhi SCERT, Hyderabad Education Department, Vizianagaram., A.P. 1 6 Pg. 1 Pg. 15 2 .Title Page Table of Contents Experiment The Question Hypothesis Research Material Procedure Results Conclusion Bibliography Pg. 4 Pg. 12 Pg. 2 Pg. 5 Pg. 11 Pg. 14 Pg. 13 Pg. 3 Pg. Experiment I will examine the electricity generation from home water tank keeping hydro electrical working model to the outflow pipes. The generated electricity can be used to light LED and charging of gadgets like cell phones. 3 . I learned how to make electricity using the mini hydroelectric generator drawing water from water tank.THE QUESTION Can we produce electricity from home water tank? Every year. Our daily lives are totally dependent on electricity. the usage of electricity is increasing and the power generation becomes very difficult as the cost of producing and the availability of resources. The problem of power cuts and increasing in the tariffs burdens everyone is a real thing. The generation of electricity from water take made me to think of producing even small amount of electricity can reduce load on grids. HYPOTHESIS 4 . There is a need to increasing the generation of electricity and reducing the people’s vows. Small level electricity can be produced taking water from home water tank to charge electronic gadgets like cell phones and lighting LED bulbs. 5 . Even producing a small amount of electricity in mini hydroelectricity generator can save money. this is called Impoundment hydropower. which was wet.RESEARCH A History of Electricity For thousands of years. He tied a metal key onto the string and. the American inventor Thomas Edison was finally able to produce a reliable. many inventors and scientists tried to find a way to use electrical power to make light. he flew a kite during a thunderstorm. as he suspected it would. Hydropower provides the largest source of renewable energy in India The most common type of hydropower plant uses a dam on a river to store water in a reservoir. Franklin was extremely lucky not to have been seriously hurt during this experiment. electricity from the storm clouds flowed down the string. and he received an electrical shock. Maybe you have heard about the famous kite experiment by American Founding Father and inventor Benjamin Franklin. to prove that lightning was electrical. In 1752. But it wasn't until the 18th century that the path to the everyday use of electrical power began to take shape. long-lasting electric light bulb in his laboratory. Some people must have wondered how to put that kind of power to practical use. but he was excited to have proved his idea. 6 . In 1879. Throughout the next hundred years. Ben Franklin proved that lightning was a form of electricity. How does it work? Hydropower uses flowing water to create energy that can be captured and turned into electricity. people all over the world have been fascinated by lightning. in effect. stored energy. which activates a generator to produce electricity. Hydropower Fundamentals The major components of a hydroelectric dam are as follows: POWER HOUSE RESERVOIR DAM TURBINE GENERATOR POWER LINE TRANSFORMER 1.Water released from the reservoir flows through a turbine. Dam A barrier built across a watercourse to hold back the flow of water and create a reservoir. spinning it. The reservoir that is formed is. 7 . Turbines convert the kinetic energy of the water to mechanical energy. from the reservoir to the turbines of a hydropower plant. Turbine A machine that is turned by the force of the fast moving water pushing against its blades. Penstock A pipeline used to convey water. under pressure.2. 8 . 3. 9 . Generator Connects to the turbine and rotates to produce the electrical energy.4. electricity scarcity can be reduced. Generally every house has a water tank which can be filled daily once or twice or even more. The water from the outlet of higher tank will fall on the blades of the lower tank and sooner blades start rotating. however with new technology. For this we need to construct two tanks one is at higher level and another is at certain low level from the first tank. The mechanism in the turbines then further converts this into usable electricity for your home. You might have listened about many home made things like medicines. The amount of potential energy is determined by the size of your turbine wheels and the speed of the water current. When the blades start rotating by way of pulleys mechanism generator can be rotated. In the lower tank we need to arrange blades (turbine). 10 . if we try to implement this model. This is my idea. toys etc. but homemade electricity is something new in which we can produce electricity in our houses only in a small scale which can be used at least during power cuts time. In the same way. there are systems available that will allow to generate hydroelectricity from small. So be filling the tank we can produce electricity. this potential energy is converted to kinetic energy turning the turbines. The generated electricity can be stored in battery and can be used during power cuts. personal turbine.Hydropower for Home Use Not everyone can have a Srisailam Dam for their own personal use. As the water flows through the turbine. the homemade micro hydro power plant uses water as its fuel. The water from the second tank can be used for house hold purposes. MATERIALS D. Motor -3 Volts Turbine made of plastic spoons Water tank made of plastic House model Multimeter Storage batteries Plastic can for keeping turbine system 11 .C. The electricity generated in this model can be measured using a multimeter.C. electricity can be drawn and use. To generate I have arranged a water tank and water from outlet pipe has to fall on turbine made of plastic spoons. motor was used to rotate with belt attached to it.PROCEDURE Electricity can be generated by hydro power. 12 . On other end of belt a 3 volts D. When the times of power cuts with this storage facility. When turbine rotates the pulleys attached to this system also rotates. This generated electricity will send to battery storage. Conclusion 13 . For bigger models results can be vary.Results When I measured the output current it is nearly 1 volt for this small model. Another advantage of home hydro energy is they work at all times. As the pressure is not uniform. ADVANTAGES: The energy produced using home hydro power is delivered directly to your home.wikipedia. LIMITATIONS: The water level in the tank has to be maintained to get required water pressure. Energy expansion not possible The size and flow of water may restrict future expansion as the power demand increases.At the end of this experiment my aim of producing electricity is correct. Bibliography 1. If I made some improvements in the design of turbines and pulley system I could have generated more electricity to charge batteries and draw electricity from it.Hydroelectricity .Wikipedia.org/wiki/Hydroelectricity 14 . the free encyclopedia en. maintaining of steady voltage is difficult. Hydro produces a continuous supply of electrical energy in comparison to other small-scale renewable technologies. ... the production of electrical power through the use of the gravitational force of falling ..html Hydroelectricity or hydroelectric power is the electricity obtained by harnessing the power of water flowing down from a high level. It is a timeless and renewable .HowStuffWorks "How Hydropower Plants Work" science. Hydroelectric Footwear 5.technologystudent. How well do you know Albert Einstein? 10 Scariest Bioweapons .htm Find out how hydropower plants work. How Roller Coasters Work .What is hydroelectricity expert-eyes.com www.Advantages of hydroelectric energy www.Advantages and Disadvantages of Hydropower www. In some countries ..Hydroelectricity is the term referring to electricity generated by hydropower...org/deepak/hydro. Gravity pulls water downstream.Hydro Electric Science Fair Project http://www..ehow.. where it .com/energy1/hydr2.....com/advantages-of-hydroelectric-energy. 2. The advantages of hydroelectric energy include its reliability and speed of use.com/environmental/../hydropower-plant.com › Hobbies & Science How Does Hydroelectric Energy Work?. Not only that but it emits no greenhouse gases in general use and the fuel is 7..youtube..com/watch?v=TXfwZ5_kyr4 15 .howstuffworks. ..howtopowertheworld..How Does Hydroelectric Energy Work? | eHow.htm ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF HYDROPOWER . 3. 4. people are forcibly removed so that hydro-power schemes can go ahead 6.. Hydroelectricity works by harnessing the potential energy of flowing water.
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