ENP2

May 22, 2018 | Author: Reymond Nuñez Igaya | Category: Human Migration, Urbanization, Sustainability, Urban Sprawl, Resource


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ENP QUIZ NO.1 1. Presidential Decree 1308 Sec. 2a defines it as referring to 'all activities concerned with the management and development of land, as well as the preservation, conservation and management of the human environment A. Urban Planning B. Human Ecology C. Environmental Management D. Environmental Planning 2. Urban planning is "concerned with providing the right place at the right site at the right time" for the right people. A. John Ratcliffe B. Lewis Keeble C. Brian Mcloughlin D. George Chadwick E. Alan Wilson 3. Which is not a key feature of 'professional' planning process? A. Proactive B. Problem-solving C. Algorithmic D. Futuristic E. People-driven 4. As defined by PD 1517 and by National Statistics Office, 'urban' area has the following characteristics except one: A. It exports substantial quantities of processed products B. Core district's density is at least 500 per square kilometer C. Overall density of at least 1000 persons per square kilometer in its entirety D. Exhibits a street pattern 5. The most recent re-definition of 'urban' by NSCB (2003) does not include one of the following. Discuss A. If a barangay has more fishery output and shellcraft activities compared to farms, then it is considered urban B. If a barangay has population size of 5,000 or more, then it is considered urban; C. If a barangay has at least one establishment with 100 employees or more, then it is considered urban D. If a barangay has 5 or more establishments with a minimum of 10 employees, and 5 or more facilities within the two-kilometer radius from the barangay hall, then it is considered urban 6. A 'city' is a significantly-large urban area which has: A. A cluster of skyscrapers B. A charter or legal proclamation C. A rectilinear or orthogonal street design D. A seaport or an airport 7. In a November 2008 ruling of the Supreme Court upholding RA 9009's amendment of Sec. 450 of RA 7160 LGC, the statutory requirements for an LGU's elevation to citihood are Discuss A. Contiguous territory of at least 100 km2 except for island/group of islands B. Minimum annual income of P100 million based on 1991 constant prices C. Population of at least 150,000 Prioritizes mining of minerals and precious stones C. Abundance and plenitude in cities versus hunger and famine due to insurgency wars in the countryside D. Pre-industrial society C. and relatively parochial. Primitive subsistence society B. Francis Stuart Chapin Jr in the first comprehensive textbook on urban planning ever written ( 1965 ). spatial alteration. Urban Sprawl 13. At least 1 million D. Substantial wage differentials between urban labor and rural labor for the same level of skill. Modernization 10. Urbanization C.000 C. Due to greater 'division of labor'. Relies on the output of white-collar professionals 11. except one: . 'industrial society' in contrast Discuss A. In addition to describing a particular form of urbanization. what is the minimum population requirement to approve a Highly Urbanized City? A. or occupation 14. Aims for mass production thru mechanization & automation D. live together in important locations --a process that is always accompanied by economic agglomeration. Industrialization B. the explicit goals of urban planning are the following. Possible benefits derived from proximity to seat of power and prestige of central city address C. is A.D. This pertains to the process wherein large numbers of people. Post-industrial society 12. At least 200. driven by demographic factors. Todaro's Labor Migration Model of Urbanization (1976). task. According to Dr. All of the choices 8.000 B. Industrial society D. Dispersion C. In Michael P. there is more heterogeneity of population and classes of workers beginning with A. A. Decentralization B. the term also relates to the social and environmental consequences associated with this development. Minimizes farming to channel capital into factories B. the central pull factor or main attraction of Third World cities to rural migrants even when these cities are unprepared to accept migration. Exurbanization D. Social Transformation D. in a process called suburbanization. kinship-based. and socio-cultural change A. self-sufficient. If 'pre-industrial society' was mainly agricultural. Under RA7160 Sec 452. At least 500. The expansion of human populations away from central urban areas into low-density. At least 10 million 9. "bright lights effect" or lure of city life and neon-lit entertainment B. monofunctional and usually car-dependent communities. The Stewardship of Nature B." A. Durability 19. tolerance & plurality D. The following are the stated goals of 'urban development policy' (NUDHF) in the Philippines. In general. Tipping point C. it refers to the potential longevity of ecological systems to support humankind and other species. According to Dr Garrett Hardin. To achieve a more balanced urban-rural interdependence B. in particular. To slow down rural-to-urban movement by means of migration control and population management C. in an open access regime without defined property rights. Resilience B. Efficiency & economy 15. A. To undertake a comprehensive and continuing program of urban development which will make available housing and services at affordable cost 16. Fencesitter's Dilemma D. this refers to the characteristic of a process or state that can be maintained at a certain level indefinitely. Carrying capacity 18. To optimally utilize land and resources to meet the requirements of housing and urban development D. this principle refers to "the maximum population of a given species that can be supported indefinitely in a defined habitat without causing negative impacts that permanently impair the productivity of that same habitat.A. Health & safety B. Range and threshold D. Limits to growth B. Perpetuity E. Related to Thomas Malthus' concept of 'k' as the population size constrained by whatever resource is in silo rt est supply. Endurance C. . Convenience & amenity C. When no individual has adequate incentive to conserve the public resource. Tragedy of the Commons 17. individuals enjoy free unlimited access to natural resources and right to use without exclusion. each individual is motivated to maximize his or her own benefit from exploiting the resource. Sustainability D. Communitarian Paradox C. A. the resource will likely become overused and overexploited. except one: A. Under the Systems Theory of Planning by George Chadwick and Alan Wilson. and self-correcting B. Lnter-generational Equity C. A. iterative. The concepts of "input-throughput--output-feedback" comes from what school of planning? A. and expertise to synthesize extensive data. Liberal Pluralistic Planning C. Strategic Planning C. Wide-ranging and exhaustive D. Communicative Planning B. Equity or activist or advocacy planning B. The main contribution of Norbert Weiner's 'Cybernetics' to the Systems Theory of planning is the principle that planning should be - A. Cyclical. Common Heritage of Humankind B. Caring Capacity D. analyze a relatively predictable world. because it assumes a prior that professional planners have the intellige􀀇nce.of broader public interest. Rigorous. Parity 0f Compeers 20. Rational-Comprehensive Planning 21. Traditional planning or command planning or imperative planning D.' and 'Utopian'. Incremental Planning D. Free-wheeling and open-ended C. noble in􀀇tentions. and decide rightly on crucial questions . This type of planning has also been called 'synoptic.Which basic principle of 'Sustainable Development' means responsibility and accountability to future populations? A. exact. 'normative. under which stage do policy-makers or decision-makers make a firm resolve to pursue a specific course of action? A. . and mathematical 23. Systems Theory of Planning 22.' 'static'. aspects or characteristics that need to be reinforced. In the "Strengths. Weaknesses. traditional or command planning C. Communicate to everyone what is most important 26. rules and standards. Communicative planning 25. 'W' C. Establish priorities on what will be accomplished in the future F. 'Allocative' or 'regulatory' or 'policy planning' in the tradition of Herbert Gans and T J Kent is concerned with solving chronic problems of society by allocating resources efficiently and enacting laws. I! is therefore closest to which planning approach? A. 'O' D. Rational-comprehensive B. Solve major issues at a macro level B. Opportunities.System Description B. System Control 24.Threats" tool as popularized by exponents of Strategic Planning. the elements. Strategic planning D. System Synthesis E. Which principle of Strategic Planning rallies the organization and unifies its members around a common purpose? Discuss A. Avoid excessive inward and short-term thinking C. 'S' B. System Modeling C. Be visionary to convey a desired end-state but be flexible enough to allow and to accommodate changes D. System Projection D. . are enumerated under which quadrant? A. Engage stakeholders to pull together behind a single gameplan for execution E. placation C. Partnership. Documentation of long-lasting environmental changes was intensified D. he is acknowledged as the Father of Town Planning in Western Civilization A. delegated power. Rungs in the Ladder Citizen Participation" which describes the varying degrees of people's involvement in policies. Piraeus and Rhodes. Ptolemy C. Hippodamus of Miletus D. Discuss A. Consultation.' or 'manipulation'? A. Which is a significant accomplishment of "Advocacy Planning" movement as fathered by Paul Davidoff (1965)? Discuss A. Affirmative action and social amelioration were mainstreamed into national policy E. Ralph Nader B. Social planning was moved from 'backroom negotiations' into the open public forum. 28. Informi􀀛g D. . A member of the advocacy/activist/equity school of planning. Single women with children were assisted to find employment.plans.'T' 27. therapy B. Susan S. Of the Eight-Rungs in the Ladder of Citizen Participation (1969) which 'steps' would require the planner to perform 'facilitation' role rather than 'advice. B. Counseling. citizen control 30. C. Businesses were compelled to draw their employees from the ranks of the poor. Fainstein C. this planner wrote the classic "Eight policies. For his grid-iron design of ancient Greek settlements such as Priene. Vitruvius of Rome B. Sherry Arnstein 29. Dr.' 'direction. and programs. Martin Luther King Jr D. and military defense.' he also began the 'Parks and Conservation Movement' in the United States which advanced the idea that city parks and greenways can structure urban space. Polytheism or pantheon of Greek gods which sanctified all elements of Nature as being animated by divine spirit B. The concept of 'polis' or (Latin) 'civitas' which means that only residents of cities can truly be called 'civilized'. dampen class conflict. 'sumposion' 33. 'parthenon' B. The practice of direct democracy and the notion of citizenship which included women. stimulate mixed uses. Recognized as 'father of landscape architecture. Built below the Acropolis in the heart of the citystate. foremost in their minds? Discuss A. 'gymnasium' C. and other secular activities A. utilities. D.Appolodorus of Damascus 31. the poor. and Nefertiti 34. Which is a major contribution of classical Greek civilization 700-404 BCE to town planning? A. Thutrnoses. and serve as aid to social reform. 'erechtheum' D. . and aliens. They were considered the earliest regional planners in history (27 BCE -410 AD) because they planned their cities and settlements with transport network. civil works. A.slaves. the 'marketplace' was the site where ancient Greeks came together not only for trading and buying of foodstuffs but also for political. 32. Egyptians under Ramses. The delineation between religious space & secular civic space as separate but complementary spheres in society C. Macedonian Greeks under Alexander The Great B. 'agora' E. Romans under the dictatorial Emperors C. heighten family and religious values. social. Persians under Cyrus the Great D. Homestead of about one acre per family D. except one: Discuss A. Industrial Revolution D. A. Considered as the "Father of City Planning in America. The Garden City Movement in the United Kingdom directly addressed large-scale problems caused by the __? A. green girdles. The Scientific Revolution B. Sir Raymond Unwin 36. Gifford Pinchot D. George Perkins Marsh 35. . He wrote the famous book "Garden Cities of Tomorrow"(1902) and became a most influential thinker with his effort to combine the best features of 'country' as shown in his diagrams of three(3) magnets. Sir Ebenezer Howard C. and clear edges for all cities B. A. Greenbelts. Sir Frederic Osborn B. Mass transit to link 'mother city' with 'garden cities' C. World War II and the Holocaust 37. with following features. The Garden City Movement shaped the British policy of "urban containment". John Hay B. Preservation of more farmland & open space 38. Sir Patrick Leslie Abercrombie D. British-American War of Independence C.Frederic Law Olmstead Sr B. John Muir C." he prepared plans for the City of Manila and the City of Baguio from 1903 to 1911 with the assistance of Pierce Andersson. "Make no little plans. New Towns Movement 42. drama and tension. Napoleon Bonaparte 41. aim high in hope and work. Baron Georges Eugenes Hausmann D. monumentality. thereafter. This was an American movement in the 1890s that stressed the design of settlements according to the principles of "grandeur. our buildings shape us. Ambler Realty Company is reckoned as the watershed moment for Discuss . remembering that a noble. City Efficient Movement D. "First we shape our buildings. Theodore Roosevelt D. cohesiveness. and symmetry" as demonstrated in the planning of Washington DC. Daniel Hudson Burnham E. They have no magic and probably themselves will not be realized. Harrison 39. City Functional Movement C. among others: A. Daniel H. logical diagram once recorded will never die . Winston Churchill B. Chicago. Robert Kennon D.William Howard Taft C. Paris. Pierre Charles L'Enfant 40. San Francisco. Francis B. Leon Battista Alberti B. City Beautiful Movement B. Burnham C." This quotation is attributed to A. Make big plans.. The US Supreme Court's decision in 1926 to uphold the power of an LGU to regulate land use through ordinance in the landmark case of "Village of Euclid vs.. exuberance. " A. George Washington C. Tony Garnier (1917) conceptualized a lush green city of about 35. no rigid forms of social control in this Utopian place complete with landscaped homes. City Functional Movement C. City Efficient Movement D. trade schools. . no churches. Post-Industrial Motor City D. Ciudad Larga 45. factories. gas and water pipes) be the basis of city layout.' thus there would be no police. Don Arturo Soria y Mata. Ciudad Conectada B. sewer. Regional City Movement 43. Esplanade B. thus he considered the impact of technology in his concept of an elongated urban form running from Cadiz.A. Petersburg. Ciudad Alongada C. Increase city density by building high on a small part of land C. suggested that the logic of utility connections (electricity.000 inhabitants where 'man would rule by h􀀇imself. transport and leisure facilities. Ciudad Lineal D.concept of telephone lines. City Beautiful Movement B. Use high-rise structures to improve safety of people and security of vital institutions B.Russia Discuss A. The major objective of Le Corbusier's (Charles-Edouard Jeanneret) cubist "Radiant City' design ( 1923) meant for 3 million people consisting of 'uniform 60-storey tower-blocks set in a huge park' was to: A. Spain up to St. Axle lndustrielle C. Capture the retail market which justifies why prices are necessarily high in central locations or CBDs 44. A. a Spanish engineer. Increase the public's enjoyment of environmental amenities and viewscapes from varying heights D. Rapid fall of real estate prices in the countryside due to financial meltdown from sub-prime lending B. Frank Lloyd Wright proposed an alternative (1932) to the congestion in huge metropolis by way of urban decentralization wherein each American family would be granted at least one acre of federal land in a self-contained agro-industrial settlement. Arrange for the occupancy of houses 47.Linear IndustriaI City 46. which one concerns traffic congestion caused by roadside parking? A. Broadacre city C.but comprehensively B. Provide ample Site in the right places for community use C. The New Towns Movement of 1920s might have contributed to scattered and uncontrolled development in continental America but the main reason for its suburban sprawl after World War II was__? Discuss A. The popularity of automobile as means of transportation 49. Suburbia 48. Bring private land and public land into relationship F. The widespread use of commuter trains and monorail D. Eco-city B. Exurbia D. A. Cars should be stored in homes E. Plan Simply. In Clarence Stein's Six (6) Principles of Regional Planning (1920). Micropolis E. Increased value of rural land due to Hoover's Interstate Highway Act of 1956 which funded federal highways and freeways across many states C. Which of the following is not a feature of Frank Lloyd Wright's 'Broadacre City' ( 1932)? Discuss . Put factories and industrial buildings where they can be used without wasteful transportation of people and goods D. Food garden or small farm would be right next to the house C. Railroad and freeway to interconnect cities F. Manufacture &commerce set up in twelve 15-storey buildings D. Clarence Thomas D. This incorporated Garden City ideas and attempted at some kind of social engineering. Clarence McKay . Discuss A. Each person regardless of age has one acre of federal land B. He proposed the 'neighborhood unit' (1929) as a self-contained 'garden suburb' bounded by major streets. with shops at intersections and·a school in the middle. its size would be defined by school's catchment area with a radius of quarter-mile or 402 meters. Clarence Stein C. Densification would preserve much open space 50. Work within walking distance from the home E. Clarence Perry B.A.
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