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March 26, 2018 | Author: erylpaez | Category: Lease, Present Value, Depreciation, Expense, Renting


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CHAPTER 21ACCOUNTING FOR LEASES CHAPTER LEARNING OBJECTIVES 1. Explain the nature, economic substance, and advantages of lease transactions. 2. Describe the accounting criteria and procedures for capitalizing leases by the lessee. 3. Contrast the operating and capitalization methods of recording leases. 4. Explain the advantages and economics of leasing to lessors and identify the classifications of leases for the lessor. 5. Describe the lessor's accounting for direct-financing leases. 6. Identify special features of lease arrangements that cause unique accounting problems. 7. Describe the effect of residual values, guaranteed and unguaranteed, on lease accounting. 8. Describe the lessor's accounting for sales-type leases. 9. List the disclosure requirements for leases. *10 . Understand and apply lease accounting concepts to various lease arrangements. *11. Describe the lessee's accounting for sale-leaseback transactions. 21 - 2 Test Bank for Intermediate Accounting, IFRS Edition, 2e TRUE-FALSE—Conceptual 1. Leasing equipment reduces the risk of obsolescence to the lessee, and passes the risk of residual value to the lessor. 2. The IASB agrees with the capitalization approach and requires companies to capitalize all long-term leases. 3. A lease that contains a purchase option must be capitalized by the lessee. 4. Executory costs should be excluded by the lessee in computing the present value of the minimum lease payments. 5. A capitalized leased asset is always depreciated over the term of the lease by the lessee. 6. The use of an unrealistically low discount rate could lead to a lessee recording a leased asset at an amount exceeding the fair value of the equipment, which is generally prohibited in IFRS. 7. IFRS requires that lessees use the incremental rate to record a lease, unless it is impractical to determine it. 8. A lessee records interest expense in both a finance lease and an operating lease. 9. Lessors classify and account for all leases that do not qualify as direct-financing or salestype leases as operating leases. 10. A benefit of leasing to the lessor is the return of the leased property at the end of the lease term. 11. The distinction between a direct-financing lease and a sales-type lease is the presence or absence of a transfer of title. 12. Lessors classify and account for all leases that don’t qualify as sales-type leases as operating leases. 13. Direct-financing leases are in substance the financing of an asset purchase by the lessee. 14. Under the operating method, the lessor records each rental receipt as part interest revenue and part rental revenue. 15. When the lessee agrees to make up any deficiency below a stated amount that the lessor realizes in residual value, that stated amount is the guaranteed residual value. 16. Both a guaranteed and an unguaranteed residual value affect the lessee’s computation of amounts capitalized as a leased asset. 17. From the lessee’s viewpoint, an unguaranteed residual value is the same as no residual value in terms of computing the minimum lease payments. 18. The lessor will recover a greater net investment if the residual value is guaranteed instead of unguaranteed. Accounting for Leases 21 - 3 19. In accounting for the intial direct costs for a sales-type lease, the lessor adds initial direct costs to the net investment in the lease and amortizes them over the life of the lease as a yield adjustment. 20. A common method of measuring the current liability portion in ordinary annuity leases is the change-in-the-present-value method. 21. The gross profit amount in a sales-type lease is greater when a guaranteed residual value exists. 22. The IASB requires lessees and lessors to disclose certain information about leases in their financial statements or in the notes. 23. Together the FASB and IASB hope to craft a new lease accounting standard that will eliminate the notion of the operating lease. True-False Answers—Conceptual Item 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Ans. T F F T F T Item 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. Ans. F F T T F F Item 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. Ans. T F T F T F Item 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. Ans. F T F T T MULTIPLE CHOICE—Conceptual 24. Which of the following is not an advantage of leasing? a. Off-balance-sheet financing b. Less costly financing c. 100% financing at fixed rates d. All of these answer choices are advantages. 25. Which of the following best describes current practice in accounting for leases? a. Leases are not capitalized. b. Leases similar to installment purchases are capitalized. c. All long-term leases are capitalized. d. All leases are capitalized. 21 - 4 S 26. P Test Bank for Intermediate Accounting, IFRS Edition, 2e What impact does a bargain purchase option have on the present value of the minimum lease payments computed by the lessee? a. No impact as the option does not enter into the transaction until the end of the lease term. b. The lessee must increase the present value of the minimum lease payments by the present value of the option price. c. The lessee must decrease the present value of the minimum lease payments by the present value of the option price. d. The minimum lease payments would be increased by the present value of the option price if, at the time of the lease agreement, it appeared certain that the lessee would exercise the option at the end of the lease and purchase the asset at the option price. 27. The amount to be recorded as the cost of an asset under a finance lease is equal to the a. present value of the minimum lease payments. b. present value of the minimum lease payments or the fair value of the asset, whichever is lower. c. present value of the minimum lease payments plus the present value of any unguaranteed residual value. d. carrying value of the asset on the lessor's books. 28. The methods of accounting for a lease by the lessee are a. operating and finance lease methods. b. operating, sales, and finance lease methods. c. operating and leveraged lease methods. d. None of these answer choices are correct. 29. Which of the following is a correct statement of one of the capitalization criteria? a. The lease transfers ownership of the property to the lessor. b. The lease contains a purchase option. c. The lease term is equal to or more than 75% of the estimated economic life of the leased property. d. The minimum lease payments (excluding executory costs) equal or exceed 90% of the fair value of the leased property. 30. Minimum lease payments may include a a. penalty for failure to renew. b. bargain purchase option. c. guaranteed residual value. d. any of these answer choices. 31. Executory costs include a. maintenance. b. property taxes. c. insurance. d. All of these answer choices are correct. Accounting for Leases 32. 33. 34. P 21 - 5 In computing the present value of the minimum lease payments, the lessee should a. use its incremental borrowing rate in all cases. b. use either its incremental borrowing rate or the implicit rate of the lessor, whichever is higher, assuming that the implicit rate is known to the lessee. c. use either its incremental borrowing rate or the implicit rate of the lessor, whichever is lower, assuming that the implicit rate is known to the lessee. d. None of these answer choices are correct. In computing depreciation of a leased asset, the lessee should subtract a. a guaranteed residual value and depreciate over the term of the lease. b. an unguaranteed residual value and depreciate over the term of the lease. c. a guaranteed residual value and depreciate over the life of the asset. d. an unguaranteed residual value and depreciate over the life of the asset. Mika company leases telecommunication equipment. Assume the following data for equipment leased from Phlash Company. The lease term is 5 years and requires equal rental payments of ¥3,150,000 at the beginning of each year. The present value of the payments was ¥13,135,059.The equipment has a fair value at the inception of the lease of ¥13,900,000, an estimated useful life of 8 years, and no residual value. Mika pays all executory costs directly to third parties. Phlash set the annual rental to earn a rate of return of 10%, and this fact is known to Mika. The lease does not transfer title or contain a bargain-purchase option. Based on this information, which of the following statement is true? a. The lease should be classified as an operating lease. b. The lease meets the economic life test to be classified as a finance lease. c. The lease should be classified as a finance lease based on passing the recovery of investment test. d. The lease is classified as an operating lease for Mika and a finance lease for Phlash. 35. In the earlier years of a lease, from the lessee's perspective, the use of the a. finance method will enable the lessee to report higher income, compared to the operating method. b. finance method will cause debt to increase, compared to the operating method. c. operating method will cause income to decrease, compared to the finance method. d. operating method will cause debt to increase, compared to the finance method. 36. A lessee with a finance lease containing a bargain purchase option should depreciate the leased asset over the a. asset's remaining economic life. b. term of the lease. c. life of the asset or the term of the lease, whichever is shorter. d. life of the asset or the term of the lease, whichever is longer. 37. Which of the following would not be included in the Lease Receivable account? a. Guaranteed residual value b. Unguaranteed residual value c. A bargain purchase option d. All of these answer choices would be included 21 - 6 Test Bank for Intermediate Accounting, IFRS Edition, 2e 38. In a lease that is appropriately recorded as a direct-financing lease by the lessor, unearned income a. should be amortized over the period of the lease using the effective interest method. b. should be amortized over the period of the lease using the straight-line method. c. does not arise. d. should be recognized at the lease's expiration. S 39. In order to properly record a direct-financing lease, the lessor needs to know how to calculate the lease receivable. The lease receivable in a direct-financing lease is best defined as a. the amount of funds the lessor has tied up in the asset which is the subject of the direct-financing lease. b. the difference between the lease payments receivable and the fair value of the leased property. c. the present value of minimum lease payments. d. the total book value of the asset less any accumulated depreciation recorded by the lessor prior to the lease agreement. S 40. If the residual value of a leased asset is guaranteed by a third party a. it is treated by the lessee as no residual value. b. the third party is also liable for any lease payments not paid by the lessee. c. the net investment to be recovered by the lessor is reduced. d. it is treated by the lessee as an additional payment and by the lessor as realized at the end of the lease term. 41. When lessors account for residual values related to leased assets, they a. always include the residual value because they always assume the residual value will be realized. b. include the unguaranteed residual value in sales revenue. c. recognize more gross profit on a sales-type lease with a guaranteed residual value than on a sales-type lease with an unguaranteed residual value. d. All of these answer choices are true with regard to lessors and residual values. 42. The initial direct costs of leasing a. are generally borne by the lessee. b. include internal direct and indirect costs. c. are expensed in the period of the sale under a sales-type lease. d. All of these answer choices are true with regard to the initial direct costs of leasing. 43. The primary difference between a direct-financing lease and a sales-type lease is the a. manner in which rental receipts are recorded as rental income. b. amount of the depreciation recorded each year by the lessor. c. recognition of the manufacturer's or dealer's profit at the inception of the lease. d. allocation of initial direct costs by the lessor to periods benefited by the lease arrangements. S Accounting for Leases P 21 - 7 44. A lessor with a sales-type lease involving an unguaranteed residual value available to the lessor at the end of the lease term will report sales revenue in the period of inception of the lease at which of the following amounts? a. The minimum lease payments plus the unguaranteed residual value. b. The present value of the minimum lease payments. c. The cost of the asset to the lessor, less the present value of any unguaranteed residual value. d. The present value of the minimum lease payments less the present value of the unguaranteed residual value. 45. For a sales-type lease, a. the sales price includes the present value of the unguaranteed residual value. b. the present value of the guaranteed residual value is deducted to determine the cost of goods sold. c. the gross profit will be the same whether the residual value is guaranteed or unguaranteed. d. None of these answer choices are correct. 46. Which of the following statements is correct? a. In a direct-financing lease, initial direct costs are added to the net investment in the lease. b. In a sales-type lease, initial direct costs are expensed in the year of incurrence. c. For operating leases, initial direct costs are deferred and allocated over the lease term. d. All of these answer choices are correct. 47. All of the following statements are true with regard to how the statement of financial position will be similarly affected by leasing the assets as opposed to issuing bonds and purchasing the assets, except which statement? a. Since a long-term, non-cancelable lease which is used as a financing device generally results in the capitalization of the leased assets and recognition of the lease commitment in the statement of financial position, the comparative effect is not very different from purchase and ownership. b. Assets leased under finance leases would be capitalized at the present value of the future lease payment, which is somewhat equivalent to the purchase price of the assets. c. Bonds sold at par would be nearly equivalent to the present value of the future lease payments. d. The specific accounts affected by the transactions would be the same. 48. All of the followings are ways in which companies avoid leased assets capitalization in devising lease agreements, except: a. Ensure that the lease does not specify the transfer of title of the property to the lessee. b. Do not write in a bargain-purchase option. c. Arrange for the present value of the minimum lease payments to be sufficiently more than the fair value of the leased property. d. Set the lease term sufficiently below the estimated economic life of the leased property such that the economic life test is not met. 21 - 8 Test Bank for Intermediate Accounting, IFRS Edition, 2e 49. If companies want to disqualify a lease as a finance lease to the lessee, while having the same lease qualify as a finance (sales or financing) lease to the lessor, which of the following are true? a. It cannot be done b. They must make information about the implicit rate unavailable to the lessee and use of the incremental borrowing rate by the lessee when it is higher than the implicit interest rate of the lessor. c. They must include a bargain purchase option. d. They must specify the transfer of the property to the lessee. 50. All of the following statements are true regarding the circumvention of accounting rules for leases when determining whether a lease qualifies as an operating or capital lease except a. the residual value guarantee is a device used by lessees and lessors by transferring some of the risk to a third party to convert financing leases to operating leases. b. the lessee who does not know exactly the lessor`s implicit interest rate might use a different (higher) incremental borrowing rate. c. lessors typically try to avoid having lease arrangement classified as operating leases. d. lessors typically try to avoid having lease arrangement classified as finance leases. 51. Which of the following is true regarding footnote disclosure of operating lease payments under IFRS and U.S. GAAP? a. U.S. GAAP does not require as much detail as IFRS. b. It is more difficult to estimate the impact of the off-balance sheet liabilities for companies that use U.S. GAAP, as compared with IFRS companies. c. Extensive disclosure of future noncancelable lease payment is required for the next five years and the years thereafter under IFRS. d. IFRS typically has no detail on the year-by-year breakout of lease payment due. 52. The Lease Liability account should be disclosed as a. all current liabilities. b. all non-current liabilities. c. current portions in current liabilities and the remainder in non-current liabilities. d. deferred credits. 53. To avoid leased asset capitalization, companies can devise lease agreements that fail to satisfy any of the four leasing criteria. Which of the following is not one of the ways to accomplish this goal? a. Lessee uses a higher interest rate than that used by lessor. b. Set the lease term at something less than 75% of the estimated useful life of the property. c. Write in a bargain purchase option. d. Use a third party to guarantee the asset’s residual value. Accounting for Leases *54. 21 - 9 If the lease in a sale-leaseback transaction meets one of the four leasing criteria and is therefore accounted for as a finance lease, who records the asset on its books and which party records interest expense during the lease period? a. b. c. d. Party recording the asset on its books Seller-lessee Purchaser-lessor Purchaser-lessor Seller-lessee Party recording interest expense Purchaser-lessor Seller-lessee Purchaser-lessor Seller-lessee *55. In a sale-leaseback transaction where none of the four leasing criteria are satisfied, which of the following is false? a. The seller-lessee removes the asset from its books. b. The purchaser-lessor records a gain. c. The seller-lessee records the lease as an operating lease. d. All of these answers are false statements. *56. When a company sells property and then leases it back, any gain on the sale should usually be a. recognized in the current year. b. recognized as a prior period adjustment. c. recognized at the end of the lease. d. deferred and recognized as income over the term of the lease. *57. Which of the following is true regarding the deferral of sale profits on a sale-leaseback using IFRS? a. Both profits and losses on a sale followed by an operating lease leaseback are recognized immediately if the transaction is established at fair value b. Profit from the sale should be amortized in proportion to the rental payments it an operating lease results from the sale-leaseback. c. Any profit on a sale-leaseback resulting in an operating lease is deferred and recognized over the subsequent lease period, whereas any loss is recognized immediately. d. Profit from the sale should be deferred and amortized in proportion to the amortization of the leased asset if a capital lease results from the sale-leaseback. Multiple Choice Answers—Conceptual Item 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. Ans. d b b b a Item 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. Ans. c d d c a Item 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. Ans. c b a d a Item 39. 40. 41. 42. 43. Ans. c a a c c Item 44. 45. 46. 47. 48. Ans. d c d d c Item 49. 50. 51. 52. 53. Ans. Item Ans. b d d c c *54. *55. *56. *57. d b d a 21 - 10 Test Bank for Intermediate Accounting, IFRS Edition, 2e MULTIPLE CHOICE—Computational Use the following information for Questions 58-60. Yueve’s Company is negotiating leases for three store locations. Yueve’s incremental borrowing rate is 12 percent and the lessor’s implicit rate is unknown (it is impracticable to determine). Each store will have a useful economic life of 30 years. Lease payments will be made at the end of each year. Based on the data below properly classify each of the leases as an operating lease or a finance lease. The purchase price for each property is listed as an alternative to leasing. Location Location A Location B Location C Lease Term 26 years 20 years 20 years Lease Payment €1,400,000 1,300,000 1,350,000 Purchase Price €12,100,000 10,200,000 12,900,000 58. Based on this information, which test(s) does Location A pass for classifying the lease as a finance lease. Recovery of Economic Investment Test Life Test a. YES YES b. YES NO c. NO YES d. NO NO 59. Based on this information, which test(s) does Location B pass for classifying the lease as a finance lease. Recovery of Economic Investment Test Life Test a. YES YES b. YES NO c. NO YES d. NO NO 60. Based on this information, which test(s) does Location C pass for classifying the lease as a finance lease. Recovery of Economic Investment Test Life Test a. YES YES b. YES NO c. NO YES d. NO NO 61. On December 1, 2016, Goetz Corporation leased office space for 10 years at a monthly rental of $90,000. On that date Perez paid the landlord the following amounts: Rent deposit First month's rent Last month's rent Installation of new walls and offices $ 90,000 90,000 90,000 495,000 $765,000 Accounting for Leases 21 - 11 The entire amount of $765,000 was charged to rent expense in 2016. What amount should Goetz have charged to expense for the year ended December 31, 2016? a. $90,000 b. $94,125 c. $184,125 d. $495,000 62. On January 1, 2016, Dean Corporation signed a ten-year noncancelable lease for certain machinery. The terms of the lease called for Dean to make annual payments of $100,000 at the end of each year for ten years with title to pass to Dean at the end of this period. The machinery has an estimated useful life of 15 years and no residual value. Dean uses the straight-line method of depreciation for all of its fixed assets. Dean accordingly accounted for this lease transaction as a finance lease. The lease payments were determined to have a present value of $671,008 at an effective interest rate of 8%. With respect to this capitalized lease, Dean should record for 2016 a. lease expense of $100,000. b. interest expense of $44,734 and depreciation expense of $38,068. c. interest expense of $53,681 and depreciation expense of $44,734. d. interest expense of $45,681 and depreciation expense of $67,101. Use the following information for questions 63 through 68. (Annuity tables on page 21-31.) On January 1, 2016, Yancey, Inc. signs a 10-year noncancelable lease agreement to lease a storage building from Holt Warehouse Company. The following information pertains to this lease agreement. (a) The agreement requires equal rental payments at the beginning of each year. (b) The fair value of the building on January 1, 2016 is $4,000,000; however, the book value to Holt is $3,300,000. (c) The building has an estimated economic life of 10 years, with no residual value. Yancey depreciates similar buildings on the straight-line method. (d) At the termination of the lease, the title to the building will be transferred to the lessee. (e) Yancey's incremental borrowing rate is 11% per year. Holt Warehouse Co. set the annual rental to insure a 10% rate of return. The implicit rate of the lessor is known by Yancey, Inc. (f) The yearly rental payment includes $10,000 of executory costs related to taxes on the property. 63. What is the amount of the minimum annual lease payment? (Rounded to the nearest dollar.) a. $181,801 b. $581,801 c. $591,801 d. $601,801 64. What is the amount of the total annual lease payment? a. $181,801 b. $581,801 c. $591,801 d. $601,801 21 - 12 Test Bank for Intermediate Accounting, IFRS Edition, 2e 65. From the lessee's viewpoint, what type of lease exists in this case? a. Sales-type lease b. Sale-leaseback c. Finance lease d. Operating lease 66. From the lessor's viewpoint, what type of lease is involved? a. Sales-type lease b. Sale-leaseback c. Direct-financing lease d. Operating lease 67. Yancey, Inc. would record depreciation expense on this storage building in 2016 of (Rounded to the nearest dollar.) a. $0. b. $330,000. c. $400,000. d. $650,981. 68. If the lease were nonrenewable, there was no purchase option, title to the building does not pass to the lessee at termination of the lease and the lease were only for eight years, what type of lease would this be for the lessee? a. Sales-type lease b. Direct-financing lease c. Operating lease d. Finance lease 69. Metcalf Company leases a machine from Vollmer Corp. under an agreement which meets the criteria to be a finance lease for Metcalf. The six-year lease requires payment of $102,000 at the beginning of each year, including $15,000 per year for maintenance, insurance, and taxes. The incremental borrowing rate for the lessee is 10%; the lessor's implicit rate is 8% and is known by the lessee. The present value of an annuity due of 1 for six years at 10% is 4.79079. The present value of an annuity due of 1 for six years at 8% is 4.99271. Metcalf should record the leased asset at a. $509,256. b. $488,661. c. $434,366. d. $416,799. 70. On December 31, 2015, Lang Corporation leased a ship from Fort Company for an eightyear period expiring December 30, 2023. Equal annual payments of $200,000 are due on December 31 of each year, beginning with December 31, 2015. The lease is properly classified as a finance lease on Lang 's books. The present value at December 31, 2015 of the eight lease payments over the lease term discounted at 10% is $1,173,685. Assuming all payments are made on time, the amount that should be reported by Lang Corporation as the total lease liability on its December 31, 2016 statement of financial position. a. $1,091,054. b. $1,000,159. c. $871,054. d. $1,200,000. Accounting for Leases 21 - 13 Use the following information for questions 71 and 72. On January 1, 2015, Sauder Corporation signed a five-year noncancelable lease for equipment. The terms of the lease called for Sauder to make annual payments of $50,000 at the beginning of each year for five years with title to pass to Sauder at the end of this period. The equipment has an estimated useful life of 7 years and no residual value. Sauder uses the straight-line method of depreciation for all of its fixed assets. Sauder accordingly accounts for this lease transaction as a finance lease. The minimum lease payments were determined to have a present value of $208,493 at an effective interest rate of 10%. 71. In 2015, Sauder should record interest expense of a. $15,849. b. $29,151. c. $20,849. d. $34,151. 72. In 2016, Sauder should record interest expense of a. $10,849. b. $12,434. c. $15,849. d. $17,434. 73. On December 31, 2016, Kuhn Corporation leased a plane from Bell Company for an eight-year period expiring December 30, 2024. Equal annual payments of $150,000 are due on December 31 of each year, beginning with December 31, 2016. The lease is properly classified as a finance lease on Kuhn’s books. The present value at December 31, 2016 of the eight lease payments over the lease term discounted at 10% is $880,264. Assuming the first payment is made on time, the amount that should be reported by Kuhn Corporation as the lease liability on its December 31, 2016 statement of financial position is a. $880,264. b. $818,290. c. $792,238. d. $730,264. Use the following information for questions 74 and 75. On January 1, 2015, Ogleby Corporation signed a five-year noncancelable lease for equipment. The terms of the lease called for Ogleby to make annual payments of $60,000 at the end of each year for five years with title to pass to Ogleby at the end of this period. The equipment has an estimated useful life of 7 years and no residual value. Ogleby uses the straight-line method of depreciation for all of its fixed assets. Ogleby accordingly accounts for this lease transaction as a finance lease. The minimum lease payments were determined to have a present value of $227,448 at an effective interest rate of 10%. 74. With respect to this capitalized lease, for 2015 Ogleby should record a. rent expense of $60,000. b. interest expense of $22,745 and depreciation expense of $45,489. c. interest expense of $22,745 and depreciation expense of $32,493. d. interest expense of $30,000 and depreciation expense of $45,489. 21 - 14 Test Bank for Intermediate Accounting, IFRS Edition, 2e 75. With respect to this capitalized lease, for 2016 Ogleby should record a. interest expense of $22,745 and depreciation expense of $32,493. b. interest expense of $20,469 and depreciation expense of $32,493. c. interest expense of $19,019 and depreciation expense of $32,493. d. interest expense of $14,469 and depreciation expense of $32,493. 76. Emporia Corporation is a lessee with a finance lease. The asset is recorded at $450,000 and has an economic life of 8 years. The lease term is 5 years. The asset is expected to have a fair value of $150,000 at the end of 5 years, and a fair value of $50,000 at the end of 8 years. The lease agreement provides for the transfer of title of the asset to the lessee at the end of the lease term. What amount of depreciation expense would the lessee record for the first year of the lease? a. $90,000 b. $80,000 c. $60,000 d. $50,000 77. Pisa, Inc. leased equipment from Tower Company under a four-year lease requiring equal annual payments of $86,038, with the first payment due at lease inception. The lease does not transfer ownership, nor is there a bargain purchase option. The equipment has a 4-year useful life and no residual value. If Pisa, Inc.’s incremental borrowing rate is 10% and the rate implicit in the lease (which is known by Pisa, Inc.) is 8%, what is the amount recorded for the leased asset at the lease inception? PV Annuity Due PV Ordinary Annuity 8%, 4 periods 3.57710 3.31213 10%, 4 periods 3.48685 3.16986 a. b. c. d. 78. $307,767 $272,728 $284,969 $300,000 Pisa, Inc. leased equipment from Tower Company under a four-year lease requiring equal annual payments of $86,038, with the first payment due at lease inception. The lease does not transfer ownership, nor is there a bargain purchase option. The equipment has a 4-year useful life and no residual value. Pisa, Inc.’s incremental borrowing rate is 10% and the rate implicit in the lease (which is known by Pisa, Inc.) is 8%. Assuming that this lease is properly classified as a finance lease, what is the amount of interest expense recorded by Pisa, Inc. in the first year of the asset’s life? PV Annuity Due PV Ordinary Annuity 8%, 4 periods 3.57710 3.31213 10%, 4 periods 3.48685 3.16986 a. b. c. d. $0 $24,621 $17,738 $22,798 Accounting for Leases 79. Pisa, Inc. leased equipment from Tower Company under a four-year lease requiring equal annual payments of $86,038, with the first payment due at lease inception. The lease does not transfer ownership, nor is there a bargain purchase option. The equipment has a 4 year useful life and no residual value. Pisa, Inc.’s incremental borrowing rate is 10% and the rate implicit in the lease (which is known by Pisa, Inc.) is 8%. Assuming that this lease is properly classified as a finance lease, what is the amount of principal reduction recorded when the second lease payment is made in Year 2? PV Annuity Due PV Ordinary Annuity 8%, 4 periods 3.57710 3.31213 10%, 4 periods 3.48685 3.16986 a. b. c. d. 80. $86,038 $61,417 $63,240 $68,300 Pisa, Inc. leased equipment from Tower Company under a four-year lease requiring equal annual payments of $86,038, with the first payment due at lease inception. The lease does not transfer ownership, nor is there a bargain purchase option. The equipment has a 4-year useful life and no residual value. Pisa, Inc.’s incremental borrowing rate is 10% and the rate implicit in the lease (which is known by Pisa, Inc.) is 8%. Pisa, Inc. uses the straight-line method to depreciate similar assets. What is the amount of depreciation expense recorded by Pisa, Inc. in the first year of the asset’s life? PV Annuity Due PV Ordinary Annuity 8%, 4 periods 3.57710 3.31213 10%, 4 periods 3.48685 3.16986 a. b. c. d. 81. 21 - 15 $0 because the asset is depreciated by Tower Company. $71,242 $76,942 $75,000 Haystack, Inc. manufactures machinery used in the mining industry. On January 2, 2016 it leased equipment with a cost of $200,000 to Silver Point Co. The 5-year lease calls for a 10% down payment and equal annual payments at the end of each year. The equipment has an expected useful life of 5 years. Silver Point’s incremental borrowing rate is 10%, and it depreciates similar equipment using the double-declining balance method. The selling price of the equipment is $325,000, and the rate implicit in the lease is 8%, which is known to Silver Point Co. What is the amount of interest expense recorded by Silver Point Co. for the year ended December 31, 2016? PV Annuity Due PV Ordinary Annuity PV Single Sum 8%, 5 periods 4.31213 3.99271 .68508 10%, 5 periods 4.16986 3.79079 .62092 a. b. c. d. $29,250 $23,400 $26,000 $32,500 21 - 16 Test Bank for Intermediate Accounting, IFRS Edition, 2e 82. Haystack, Inc. manufactures machinery used in the mining industry. On January 2, 2016 it leased equipment with a cost of $200,000 to Silver Point Co. The 5-year lease calls for a 10% down payment and equal annual payments of $73,259 at the end of each year. The equipment has an expected useful life of 5 years. Silver Point’s incremental borrowing rate is 10%, and it depreciates similar equipment using the double-declining balance method. The selling price of the equipment is $325,000, and the rate implicit in the lease is 8%, which is known to Silver Point Co. What is the book value of the leased asset at December 31, 2016, and what is the balance in the Lease Liability account? a. b. c. d. 83. Book Value of Leased Asset $325,000 $260,000 $195,000 $208,000 Balance in Lease Liability $219,243 $248,491 $242,643 $248,491 Haystack, Inc. manufactures machinery used in the mining industry. On January 2, 2016 it leased equipment with a cost of $200,000 to Silver Point Co. The 5-year lease calls for a 10% down payment and equal annual payments at the end of each year. The equipment has an expected useful life of 5 years. If the selling price of the equipment is $325,000, and the rate implicit in the lease is 8%, what are the equal annual payments? PV Annuity Due PV Ordinary Annuity PV Single Sum 8%, 5 periods 4.31213 3.99271 .68508 10%, 5 periods 4.16986 3.79079 .62092 a. b. c. d. $73,259 $67,831 $75,822 $81,398 Use the following information for questions 84 through 88. (Annuity tables on page 21–33.) Alt Corporation enters into an agreement with Yates Rentals Co. on January 1, 2016 for the purpose of leasing a machine to be used in its manufacturing operations. The following data pertain to the agreement: (a) The term of the noncancelable lease is 3 years with no renewal option. Payments of $287,432 are due on January 1 of each year, starting January 1, 2016. (b) The fair value of the machine on January 1, 2016, is $800,000. The machine has a remaining economic life of 10 years, with no residual value. The machine reverts to the lessor upon the termination of the lease. (c) Alt depreciates all machinery it owns on a straight-line basis. (d) Alt's incremental borrowing rate is 10% per year. Alt does not have knowledge of the 8% implicit rate used by Yates. 84. What type of lease is this from Alt Corporation's viewpoint? a. Operating lease b. Finance lease c. Sales-type lease d. Direct-financing lease Accounting for Leases 21 - 17 85. If Alt accounts for the lease as an operating lease, what expenses will be recorded as a consequence of the lease during the fiscal year ended December 31, 2016? a. Depreciation Expense b. Rent Expense c. Interest Expense d. Depreciation Expense and Interest Expense 86. If the present value of the future lease payments is $800,000 at January 1, 2016, what is the amount of the reduction in the lease liability for Alt Corp. in the second full year of the lease if Alt Corp. accounts for the lease as a finance lease? (Rounded to the nearest dollar.) a. $207,426 b. $223,426 c. $236,175 d. $228,175 87. If Yates records this lease as a direct-financing lease, what amount would be recorded as Lease Receivable at the inception of the lease? a. $287,432 b. $786,282 c. $800,000 d. $862,296 88. Which of the following lease-related revenue and expense items would be recorded by Yates if the lease is accounted for as an operating lease? a. Rental Revenue b. Interest Income c. Depreciation Expense d. Rental Revenue and Depreciation Expense 89. Hook Company leased equipment to Emley Company on July 1, 2015, for a one-year period expiring June 30, 2016, for $60,000 a month. On July 1, 2016, Hook leased this piece of equipment to Terry Company for a three-year period expiring June 30, 2019, for $75,000 a month. The original cost of the equipment was $4,800,000. The equipment, which has been continually on lease since July 1, 2016, is being depreciated on a straightline basis over an eight-year period with no residual value. Assuming that both the lease to Emley and the lease to Terry are appropriately recorded as operating leases for accounting purposes, what is the amount of income (expense) before income taxes that each would record as a result of the above facts for the year ended December 31, 2016? Hook Emley Terry a. $210,000 $(360,000) $(450,000) b. $210,000 $(360,000) $(750,000) c. $810,000 $(60,000) $(150,000) d. $810,000 $(660,000) $(450,000) 21 - 18 Test Bank for Intermediate Accounting, IFRS Edition, 2e Use the following information for questions 90 and 91. Hull Co. leased equipment to Riggs Company on May 1, 2016. The lease expires on May 1, 2017. Riggs could have bought the equipment from Hull for $3,200,000 instead of leasing it. Hull's accounting records showed a book value for the equipment on May 1, 2016, of $2,800,000. Hull's depreciation on the equipment in 2016 was $360,000. During 2016, Riggs paid $720,000 in rentals to Hull for the 8-month period. Hull incurred maintenance and other related costs under the terms of the lease of $64,000 in 2016. After the lease with Riggs expires, Hull will lease the equipment to another company for two years. 90. Ignoring income taxes, the amount of expense incurred by Riggs from this lease for the year ended December 31, 2016, should be a. $296,000. b. $360,000. c. $656,000. d. $720,000. 91. The income before income taxes derived by Hull from this lease for the year ended December 31, 2016, should be a. $296,000. b. $360,000. c. $656,000. d. $720,000. 92. On January 2, 2016, Gold Star Leasing Company leases equipment to Brick Co. with 5 equal annual payments of $80,000 each, payable beginning January 2, 2016. Brick Co. agrees to guarantee the $50,000 residual value of the asset at the end of the lease term. Brick’s incremental borrowing rate is 10%, however it knows that Gold Star’s implicit interest rate is 8%. What journal entry would Gold Star make at January 2, 2016 assuming this is a direct–financing lease? 8%, 5 periods 10%, 5 periods PV Annuity Due 4.31213 4.16986 a. Cash Lease Receivable Equipment 80,000 370,000 b. Cash Lease Receivable Loss Equipment 80,000 264,970 105,030 c. Cash Lease Receivable Equipment 80,000 284,635 d. Cash Lease Receivable Equipment 80,000 299,224 PV Ordinary Annuity 3.99271 3.79079 450,000 450,000 364,635 379,224 PV Single Sum .68058 .62092 Accounting for Leases 21 - 19 93. Assume that Leicester Ltd. leased equipment that was carried at a cost £159,769 to Wentworth Company. The term of the lease is 6 years beginning January 1, 2016, with equal rental payments of £32,000 at the beginning of each year. All executory costs are paid by Wentworth directly to third parties. The fair value of the equipment at the inception of the lease is £159,767. The equipment has a useful life of 6 years with no residual value. The lease has an implicit interest rate of 8%, no bargain purchase option, and no transfer of title. Based on this information, Leicester’s January 1, 2016, journal entries at the inception of the lease would include: a. A debit to Equipment for £159,767 b. A credit to Lease Receivable for £32,000 c. A credit to Cash for £159,767 d. A debit to Lease Receivable for £32,000 94. Leicester Ltd leases equipment to Wentworth Company that was carried at a cost of £200,000 and also has a fair value at the inception of the lease of £200,000.All executory costs are paid by Wentworth directly to third parties. The equipment has a useful life of 6 years with no residual value. The lease has an implicit interest rate of 8%, no bargain purchase option, and no transfer of title. The term of the lease is 6 years beginning January 1, 2016. Based on this information, what are the equal rental payments due at the beginning of each year (to the nearest pound)? a. £99,854 b. £40,058 c. £33,333 d. £16,000 95. Mays Company has a machine with a cost of $400,000 which also is its fair value on the date the machine is leased to Park Company. The lease is for 6 years and the machine is estimated to have an unguaranteed residual value of $40,000. If the lessor's interest rate implicit in the lease is 12%, the six beginning-of-the-year lease payments would be a. $92,361. b. $82,465. c. $78,180. d. $66,667. 96. On January 2, 2015, Gold Star Leasing Company leases equipment to Brick Co. with 5 equal annual payments of $80,000 each, payable beginning January 2, 2015. Brick Co. agrees to guarantee the $50,000 residual value of the asset at the end of the lease term. Brick’s incremental borrowing rate is 10%, however it knows that Gold Star’s implicit interest rate is 8%. What journal entry would Brick Co. make at January 2, 2015 to record the lease? PV Annuity Due PV Ordinary Annuity PV Single Sum 8%, 5 periods 4.31213 3.99271 .68058 10%, 5 periods 4.16986 3.79079 .62092 21 - 20 Test Bank for Intermediate Accounting, IFRS Edition, 2e a. Leased Equipment Lease Liability b. Leased Equipment Lease Liability Cash c. Leased Equipment Lease Liability Cash d. Leased Equipment Lease Liability Cash 97. 98. 299,224 299,224 378,999 298,999 80,000 344,970 264,970 80,000 353,671 273,671 80,000 On January 2, 2015, Gold Star Leasing Company leases equipment to Brick Co. with 5 equal annual payments of $80,000 each, payable beginning January 2, 2015. Brick Co. agrees to guarantee the $50,000 residual value of the asset at the end of the lease term. Brick’s incremental borrowing rate is 10%, however it knows that Gold Star’s implicit interest rate is 8%. What journal entry would Brick Co. make at January 1, 2016 to record the second lease payment? PV Annuity Due PV Ordinary Annuity PV Single Sum 8%, 5 periods 4.31213 3.99271 .68058 10%, 5 periods 4.16986 3.79079 .62092 a. Lease Liability Cash 80,000 b. Lease Liability Interest Expense Cash 58,802 21,198 c. Lease Liability Interest Expense Cash 56,062 21,198 d. Lease Liability Interest Expense Cash 56,080 23,920 80,000 80,000 80,000 80,000 Geary Co. leased a machine to Dains Co. Assume the lease payments were made on the basis that the residual value was guaranteed and Geary gets to recognize all the profits, and at the end of the lease term, before the lessee transfers the asset to the lessor, the leased asset and liability accounts have the following balances: Leased equipment under finance lease Less accumulated depreciation—finance lease Interest payable Lease liability $400,000 384,000 $ 16,000 $ 1,520 14,480 $16,000 If, at the end of the lease, the fair value of the residual value is $8,800, what gain or loss should Geary record? a. $6,480 gain c. $7,200 loss b. $7,120 loss d. $8,800 gain Accounting for Leases 21 - 21 99. Harter Company leased machinery to Stine Company on July 1, 2016, for a ten-year period expiring June 30, 2026. Equal annual payments under the lease are $75,000 and are due on July 1 of each year. The first payment was made on July 1, 2016. The rate of interest used by Harter and Stine is 9%. The cash selling price of the machinery is $525,000 and the cost of the machinery on Harter's accounting records was $465,000. Assuming that the lease is appropriately recorded as a sale for accounting purposes by Harter, what amount of interest revenue would Harter record for the year ended December 31, 2016? a. $47,250 b. $40,500 c. $20,250 d. $0 100. Pye Company leased equipment to the Polan Company on July 1, 2016, for a ten-year period expiring June 30, 2026. Equal annual payments under the lease are $80,000 and are due on July 1 of each year. The first payment was made on July 1, 2016. The rate of interest contemplated by Pye and Polan is 9%. The cash selling price of the equipment is $560,000 and the cost of the equipment on Pye's accounting records was $496,000. Assuming that the lease is appropriately recorded as a sale for accounting purposes by Pye, what is the amount of profit on the sale and the interest revenue that Pye would record for the year ended December 31, 2016? a. $64,000 and $50,400 b. $64,000 and $43,200 c. $64,000 and $21,600 d. $0 and $0 Use the following information for questions 101 and 102. Metro Company, a dealer in machinery and equipment, leased equipment to Sands, Inc., on July 1, 2016. The lease is appropriately accounted for as a sale by Metro and as a purchase by Sands. The lease is for a 10-year period (the useful life of the asset) expiring June 30, 2026. The first of 10 equal annual payments of $621,000 was made on July 1, 2016. Metro had purchased the equipment for $3,900,000 on January 1, 2016, and established a list selling price of $5,400,000 on the equipment. Assume that the present value at July 1, 2016, of the rent payments over the lease term discounted at 8% (the appropriate interest rate) was $4,500,000. 101. Assuming that Sands, Inc. uses straight-line depreciation, what is the amount of depreciation and interest expense that Sands should record for the year ended December 31, 2016? a. $225,000 and $155,160 b. $225,000 and $180,000 c. $270,000 and $155,160 d. $270,000 and $180,000 102. What is the amount of profit on the sale and the amount of interest income that Metro should record for the year ended December 31, 2016? a. $0 and $155,160 c. $600,000 and $180,000 b. $600,000 and $155,160 d. $900,000 and $360,000 21 - 22 Test Bank for Intermediate Accounting, IFRS Edition, 2e 103. Roman Company leased equipment from Koenig Company on July 1, 2016, for an eightyear period expiring June 30, 2024. Equal annual payments under the lease are $300,000 and are due on July 1 of each year. The first payment was made on July 1, 2016. The rate of interest contemplated by Roman and Koenig is 8%. The cash selling price of the equipment is $1,861,875 and the cost of the equipment on Koenig's accounting records was $1,650,000. Assuming that the lease is appropriately recorded as a sale for accounting purposes by Koenig, what is the amount of profit on the sale and the interest income that Koenig would record for the year ended December 31, 2016? a. $0 and $0 b. $0 and $62,475 c. $211,875 and $62,475 d. $211,875 and $74,475 Use the following information for questions 104 through 108. Gage Co. purchases land and constructs a service station and car wash for a total of $360,000. At January 2, 2016, when construction is completed, the facility and land on which it was constructed are sold to a major oil company for $400,000 and immediately leased from the oil company by Gage. Fair value of the land at time of the sale was $40,000. The lease is a 10-year, noncancelable lease. Gage uses straight-line depreciation for its other various business holdings. The economic life of the facility is 15 years with zero salvage value. Title to the facility and land will pass to Gage at termination of the lease. A partial amortization schedule for this lease is as follows: Payments Interest Amortization Balance Jan. 2, 2016 $400,000.00 Dec. 31, 2016 $65,098.13 $40,000.00 $25,098.13 374,901.87 Dec. 31, 2017 65,098.13 37,490.19 27,607.94 347,293.93 Dec. 31, 2018 65,098.13 34,729.39 30,368.74 316,925.19 104. From the viewpoint of the lessor, what type of lease is involved above? a. Sales-type lease b. Sale-leaseback c. Direct-financing lease d. Operating lease 105. What is the discount rate implicit in the amortization schedule presented above? a. 12% b. 10% c. 8% d. 6% 106. The total lease-related expenses recognized by the lessee during 2017 is which of the following? (Rounded to the nearest dollar.) a. $64,000 b. $65,098 c. $73,490 d. $61,490 107. What is the amount of the lessee's liability to the lessor after the December 31, 2018 payment? (Rounded to the nearest dollar.) a. $400,000 c. $347,294 b. $374,902 d. $316,925 Accounting for Leases 21 - 23 *108. The amortization of profit recognized by the lessee during 2017 is which of the following? a. $ -0b. $2,667 c. $4,000 d. $40,000 *109. On June 30, 2016, Falk Co. sold equipment to an unaffiliated company for $700,000. The equipment had a book value of $630,000 and a remaining useful life of 10 years. That same day, Falk leased back the equipment at $7,000 per month for 5 years with no option to renew the lease or repurchase the equipment. Falk's rent expense for this equipment for the year ended December 31, 2016, should be a. $84,000. b. $42,000. c. $35,000. d. $28,000. *110. Assume that on January 1, 2016, Hsu Co sells a computer system to Larson Finance Co. for ¥510,000 and immediately leases the computer system back. The relevant information is as follows. 1. The computer was carried on Hsu’s books at a value of ¥450,000 2. The term of the non-cancelable lease is 10 years; title will transfer to Hsu. 3. The lease agreement requires equal rental payments of ¥83,000.11 at the end of each year. 4. The incremental borrowing rate for Hsu is 12%. Hsu is aware that Larson Finance Co. set the annual rental to ensure a rate of return of 10%. 5. The computer has a fair value of ¥510,000 on January 1, 2016, and an estimated economic life of 10 years. 6. Hsu plays executory costs of ¥9,000 per year. Based on this information, which of the following would be recorded by Hsu on December 31, 2016? a. a debit to Leased Computer under Finance Lease for ¥510,000 b. a credit to Unearned Profit on Sale-leaseback for ¥60,000 c. a debit to Unearned Profit on Sale-leaseback for ¥60,000 d. a debit to Unearned Profit on Sale-leaseback for ¥6,000 *111. Assume that on January 1, 2016, Hsu Co sells a computer system to Larson Finance Co. for ¥510,000 and immediately leases the computer system back. The relevant information is as follows. 1. The computer was carried on Hsu’s books at a value of ¥450,000 2. The term of the non-cancelable lease is 10 years; title will transfer to Hsu. 3. The lease agreement requires equal rental payments of ¥83,000.11 at the end of each year. 4. The incremental borrowing rate for Hsu is 12%. Hsu is aware that Larson Finance Co. set the annual rental to ensure a rate of return of 10%. 5. The computer has a fair value of ¥510,000 on January 1, 2016, and an estimated economic life of 10 years. 6. Hsu plays executory costs of ¥9,000 per year COMPOSITOR: FILL UP THIS PAGE BY MOVING MATERIAL BELOW UP 21 - 24 Test Bank for Intermediate Accounting, IFRS Edition, 2e Based on this information, which of the following would be recorded by Larson on December 31, 2016? a. a debit to Interest Revenue for ¥51,000 b. a credit to Interest Revenue for ¥51,000 c. a debit to Lease Receivable for ¥510,000 d. a debit to Lease Receivable ¥83,000.11 112. On January 1, 2016, Stocks PLC sold a truck to Raines Finance for £33,000 and immediately leased it back. The truck was carried on Stock’s books at £28,000. The term of the lease is 5 years, and title transfers to Stocks at lease-end. The lease requires five equal rental payments of £8,705 at the end of each year. The appropriate rate of interest is 10%, and the truck has a useful life of 5 years with no residual value. Based on this information, the amortization of profit by Stocks on the sale-leaseback at December 31, 2012, would include a: a. debit to Depreciation Expense for £1,000. b. debit to Unearned Profit on Sale-Leaseback for £5,000. c. credit to Unearned Profit on Sale-Leaseback for £1,000. d. credit to Depreciation Expense for £1,000. Multiple Choice Answers—Computational Item 58. 59. 60. 61. 62. 63. 64. 65. Ans a. b d b c c d c Item 66. 67. 68. 69. 70. 71. 72. 73. Ans. a c d c c a b d Item 74. 75. 76. 77. 78. 79. 80. 81. Ans. c c d a c d c b Item 82. 83. 84. 85. 86. 87. 88. 89. Ans. c a b b c c d a Item 90. 91. 92. 93. 94. 95. 96. 97. Ans. Item Ans. Item Ans. d a d b b b b d 98. 99. 100. 101. 102. 103. 104. 105. c c c a b c c b 106. 107. *108. *109. *110. *111. *112. d d b b d b d Accounting for Leases 21 - 25 Future Value of Ordinary Annuity of 1 Period 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 5% 1.00000 2.05000 3.15250 4.31013 5.52563 6.80191 8.14201 9.54911 11.02656 12.57789 6% 1.00000 2.06000 3.18360 4.37462 5.63709 6.97532 8.39384 9.89747 11.49132 13.18079 8% 1.00000 2.08000 3.24640 4.50611 5.86660 7.33592 8.92280 10.63663 12.48756 14.48656 10% 1.00000 2.10000 3.31000 4.64100 6.10510 7.71561 9.48717 11.43589 13.57948 15.93743 12% 1.00000 2.12000 3.37440 4.77933 6.35285 8.11519 10.08901 12.29969 14.77566 17.54874 Present Value of an Ordinary Annuity of 1 Period 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 5% .95238 1.85941 2.72325 3.54595 4.32948 5.07569 5.78637 6.46321 7.10782 7.72173 6% .94340 1.83339 2.67301 3.46511 4.21236 4.91732 5.58238 6.20979 6.80169 7.36009 8% .92593 1.78326 2.57710 3.31213 3.99271 4.62288 5.20637 5.74664 6.24689 6.71008 10% .90909 1.73554 2.48685 3.16986 3.79079 4.35526 4.86842 5.33493 5.75902 6.14457 12% .89286 1.69005 2.40183 3.03735 3.60478 4.11141 4.56376 4.96764 5.32825 5.65022 MULTIPLE CHOICE—CPA Adapted 113. Lease A does not contain a bargain purchase option, but the lease term is equal to 90 percent of the estimated economic life of the leased property. Lease B does not transfer ownership of the property to the lessee by the end of the lease term, but the lease term is equal to 75 percent of the estimated economic life of the leased property. How should the lessee classify these leases? Lease A Lease B a. Operating lease Finance lease b. Operating lease Operating lease c. Finance lease Finance lease d. Finance lease Operating lease 114. On December 31, 2016, Burton, Inc. leased machinery with a fair value of $840,000 from Cey Rentals Co. The agreement is a six-year noncancelable lease requiring annual payments of $160,000 beginning December 31, 2016. The lease is appropriately accounted for by Burton as a finance lease. Burton's incremental borrowing rate is 11%. Burton knows the interest rate implicit in the lease payments is 10%. The present value of an annuity due of 1 for 6 years at 10% is 4.7908. The present value of an annuity due of 1 for 6 years at 11% is 4.6959. 21 - 26 Test Bank for Intermediate Accounting, IFRS Edition, 2e In its December 31, 2016 statement of financial position, Burton should report a lease liability of a. $606,528. b. $680,000. c. $751,344. d. $766,528. 115. On December 31, 2015, Harris Co. leased a machine from Catt, Inc. for a five-year period. Equal annual payments under the lease are $630,000 (including $30,000 annual executory costs) and are due on December 31 of each year. The first payment was made on December 31, 2015, and the second payment was made on December 31, 2016. The five lease payments are discounted at 10% over the lease term. The present value of minimum lease payments at the inception of the lease and before the first annual payment was $2,502,000. The lease is appropriately accounted for as a finance lease by Harris. In its December 31, 2016 statement of financial position, Harris should report a lease liability of a. $1,902,000. b. $1,872,000. c. $1,711,800. d. $1,492,200. 116. A lessee had a ten-year finance lease requiring equal annual payments. The reduction of the lease liability in year 2 should equal a. the current liability shown for the lease at the end of year 1. b. the current liability shown for the lease at the end of year 2. c. the reduction of the lease liability in year 1. d. one-tenth of the original lease liability. Use the following information for questions 117 and 118. On January 2, 2016, Hernandez, Inc. signed a ten-year noncancelable lease for a heavy duty drill press. The lease stipulated annual payments of $200,000 starting at the beginning of the first year, with title passing to Hernandez at the expiration of the lease. Hernandez treated this transaction as a finance lease. The drill press has an estimated useful life of 15 years, with no residual value. Hernandez uses straight-line depreciation for all of its plant assets. Aggregate lease payments were determined to have a present value of $1,200,000, based on implicit interest of 10%. 117. In its 2016 income statement, what amount of interest expense should Hernandez report from this lease transaction? a. $0 b. $81,000 c. $108,000 d. $100,000 118. In its 2016 income statement, what amount of depreciation expense should Hernandez report from this lease transaction? a. $200,000 b. $160,000 c. $120,000 d. $80,000 Accounting for Leases 21 - 27 119. In a lease that is recorded as a sales-type lease by the lessor, interest revenue a. should be recognized in full as revenue at the lease's inception. b. should be recognized over the period of the lease using the straight-line method. c. should be recognized over the period of the lease using the effective interest method. d. does not arise. 120. Torrey Co. manufactures equipment that is sold or leased. On December 31, 2016, Torrey leased equipment to Dalton for a five-year period ending December 31, 2021, at which date ownership of the leased asset will be transferred to Dalton. Equal payments under the lease are $220,000 (including $20,000 executory costs) and are due on December 31 of each year. The first payment was made on December 31, 2016. The normal sales price of the equipment is $770,000, and cost is $600,000. For the year ended December 31, 2016, what amount of income should Torrey realize from the lease transaction? a. $170,000 b. $220,000 c. $230,000 d. $330,000 *121. Jamar Co. sold its headquarters building at a gain, and simultaneously leased back the building. The lease was reported as a finance lease. At the time of the sale, the gain should be reported as a. operating income. b. an other income item. c. a separate component of equity. d. a deferred gain. *122. On December 31, 2016, Haden Corp. sold a machine to Ryan and simultaneously leased it back for one year. Pertinent information at this date follows: Sales price Carrying amount Present value of reasonable lease rentals ($7,500 for 12 months @ 12%) Estimated remaining useful life $900,000 825,000 85,000 12 years In Haden’s December 31, 2016 statement of financial position, the deferred profit from the sale of this machine should be a. $85,000. b. $75,000. c. $10,000. d. $0. Multiple Choice Answers—CPA Adapted Item Ans. Item Ans. Item Ans. Item Ans. Item 113. 114. c a 115. 116. d a 117. 118. d d 119. 120. c a *121. *122. An s. d d 21 - 28 Test Bank for Intermediate Accounting, IFRS Edition, 2e DERIVATIONS — Computational No. Answer Derivation 58. a 26 ÷ 30 = 86.67; 86.67% > 75% €1,400,000  7.89566 = €11,053,924; €11,053,924 ÷ €12,100,000 = 91.4%. 59. b 20 ÷ 30 = 66.7%; 66.7% < 75% €1,300,000  7.46944 = €9,710,272; €9,710,272 ÷ €10,200,000 = 95.2%. 60. d 20 ÷ 30 = 66.7%; 66.7% < 75% €1,350,000  7.46944 = €10,083,744; €10,083,744 ÷ €12,900,000 = 78.2%. 61. b $90,000 +  62. c $671,008 × .08 = $53,681, $671,008 ÷ 15 = $44,734. 63. c $4,000,000 ÷ (6.14457 × 1.10) = $591,801 (PV of Ordinary Annuity Table). 64. d $591,801 + $10,000 = $601,801. 65. c Conceptual. 66. a Conceptual, FV exceeds cost. 67. c $4,000,000 ÷ 10 = $400,000. 68. d 8/10 = .80% > 75% of economic life. 69. c ($102,000 – $15,000) × 4.99271 = $434,366. 70. c $1,173,685 – $200,000 = $973,685 × .10 = $97,369 $973,685 – ($200,000 – $97,369) = $871,054. 71. a ($208,493 – $50,000) × .10 = $15,849. 72. b [$158,493 – ($50,000 - $15,849)] × .10 = $12,434. 73. d $880,264 – $150,000 = $730,264. 74. c $227,448 × .10 = $22,745; ($227,448 – 0) ÷ 7 = $32,493. 75. c [$227,448 – ($60,000 – $22,745)] × .10 = $19,019. 76. d ($450,000 – $50,000) ÷ 8 = $50,000. 77 a $86,038  3.57710 = $307,767. 78. c $86,038  3.57710 = $307,767 ($307,767 – $86,038)  .08 = $17,738.  $495,000 1  ×  = $94,125. 10 12   Accounting for Leases DERIVATIONS — Computational (cont.) No. Answer Derivation 79. d $86,038  3.57710 = $307,767 $86,038 – [($307,767 – $86,038)  .08] = $68,300. 80. c $86,038  3.57710 = $307,767 ($307,767 – 0)  4 = $76,942. 81. b ($325,000  .90)  3.99271 = $73,259 $73,259  3.99271 = $292,502 $292,502  .08 = $23,400. 82. c $325,000 – (325,000  .40) = $195,000 $73,259  3.99271 = $292,502 $292,502 – [$73,259 – ($292,502  .08)] = $242,643. 83. a ($325,000 .90)  3.99271 = $73,259. 84. b $287,432 × 2.73554 = $786,282; $786,282 ———— = 98% > 90%. $800,000 85. b Conceptual. 86. c $800,000 – $287,432 = $512,568. $287,432 – ($512,568 ×.1) = $236,175. 87. c Fair value = $800,000. 88. d Conceptual. 89. a Hook: Emley: Terry: 90. d $720,000. 91. a $720,000 – $64,000 – $360,000 = $296,000. 92. d ($80,000  4.31213) + ($50,000  .68508) = $379,224. 93 b Lease Receivable credit £32,000. 94 b £200,000  4.99271 = £40,058. 95. b [$400,000 – ($40,000 × .50663)] ÷ 4.60478 = $82,465. ($60,000 × 6) + ($75,000  6) – (4,800,000 ÷ 8) = $210,000 ($60,000) × 6 = $(360,000) ($75,000) × 6 = $(450,000). 21 - 29 21 - 30 Test Bank for Intermediate Accounting, IFRS Edition, 2e DERIVATIONS — Computational (cont.) No. Answer Derivation 96. b ($80,000  4.31213) + ($50,000  .68508) = $379,224. 97. d ($80,000  4.31213) + ($50,000  .68058) = $378,999 ($378,999 – $80,000)  .08 = $23,920 Interest $80,000 – $23,920 = $56,080. 98. c $8,800 – $16,000 = ($7,200). 99. c ($525,000 – $75,000) × .09 × 6/12 = $20,250. 100. c $560,000 – $496,000 = $64,000; ($560,000 – $80,000) × .09 × 6/12 = $21,600. 101. a  $4,500,000 1    = $225,000.  10 2  ($4,500,000 – $621,000) × .04 = $155,160. 102. b $4,500,000 – $3,900,000 = $600,000. ($4,500,000 – $621,000) × .04 = $155,160. 103. c $1,861,875 – $1,650,000 = $211,875. ($1,861,875 – $300,000) × .04 = $62,475. 104. c Conceptual. 105. b $40,000 $400,000 ———— = 10% or ————— = 6.1446* $400,000 $65,098.13 *6.1446 = PV factor of ordinary annuity of $1 for 10 years at 10%. 106. d [($400,000 – $40,000) ÷ 15] + $37,490 = $61,490. 107. d $316,925 (See amortization table.) *108. b ($400,000 – $360,000) ÷ 15 = $2,667. *109. b $7,000 × 6 = $42,000. *110. d ¥510,000 – ¥450,000 = ¥60,000; ¥60,000  10 = ¥6,000. *111. b ¥510,000  .10 = ¥51,000 Cr. *112. d £33,000 – £28,000 = £5,000; £5,000  5 = £1,000 Cr. Accounting for Leases DERIVATIONS — CPA Adapted No. Answer Derivation 113. c Conceptual. 114. a ($160,000 × 4.7908) – $160,000 = $606,528. 115. d $2,502,000 – $630,000 + $30,000 = $1,902,000 (2015). $1,902,000 – [$600,000 – ($1,902,000 × .10)] = $1,492,200 (2016). 116. a Conceptual. 117. d ($1,200,000 - $200,000) × .10 = $100,000. 118. d $1,200,000 ÷ 15 = $80,000. *119. c Conceptual. *120. a $770,000 – $600,000 = $170,000. *121. d Conceptual. *122. d $85,000 = 9.44%, < 10% of FV of asset $900,000  it is an operating lease. 21 - 31 21 - 32 Test Bank for Intermediate Accounting, IFRS Edition, 2e EXERCISES Ex. 21-123—Finance lease (Essay). Explain the procedures used by the lessee to account for a finance lease. Solution 21-123 When the finance lease method is used, the lessee treats the lease transactions as if the asset were being purchased. The asset and liability are recorded at the lower of (1) the present value of the minimum lease payments (excluding executory costs) or (2) the fair value of the asset at the inception of the lease. The present value of the lease payments is computed using the lessee's incremental borrowing rate, unless the implicit rate used by the lessor is lower and the lessee has knowledge of it. The effective-interest method is used to allocate each lease payment between interest expense and a reduction of the lease liability. If the lease transfers ownership or contains a bargain purchase option, the asset is amortized in a manner consistent with the lessee's normal depreciation policy on assets owned, over the economic life of the asset and allowing for residual value. If the lease does not transfer ownership or contain a bargain purchase option, the leased asset is amortized over the lease term. Ex. 21-124—Finance lease amortization and journal entries. Hughey Co. as lessee records a finance lease of machinery on January 1, 2015. The seven annual lease payments of $350,000 are made at the end of each year. The present value of the lease payments at 10% is $1,704,000. Hughey uses the effective-interest method of amortization and sum-of-the-years'-digits depreciation (no residual value). Instructions (Round to the nearest dollar.) (a) Prepare an amortization table for 2015 and 2016. (b) Prepare all of Hughey's journal entries for 2015. Solution 21-124 (a) Date 1/1/15 12/31/15 12/31/16 (b) Annual Payments $350,000 350,000 10% Interest $170,400 152,440 Reduction Of Liability $179,600 197,560 Lease Liability $1,704,000 1,524,400 1,326,840 Leased Machinery........................................................................ 1,704,000 Lease Liability................................................................... Interest Expense.......................................................................... Lease Liability............................................................................... Cash................................................................................. 170,400 179,600 Depreciation Expense (7/28 × $1,704,000).................................. Accumulated Depreciation ............................................... 426,000 1,704,000 350,000 426,000 Accounting for Leases 21 - 33 Ex. 21-125—Operating lease. Maris Co. purchased a machine on January 1, 2016, for $1,000,000 for the express purpose of leasing it. The machine is expected to have a five-year life, no salvage value, and be depreciated on a straight-line monthly basis. On April 1, 2016, under a cancelable lease, Maris leased the machine to Dunbar Company for $300,000 a year for a four-year period ending March 31, 2020. Maris incurred total maintenance and other related costs under the provisions of the lease of $15,000 relating to the year ended December 31, 2016. Dunbar paid $300,000 to Maris on April 1, 2016. Instructions [Assume the operating method is appropriate for parts (a) and (b).] (a) Under the operating method, what should be the income before income taxes derived by Maris Co. from this lease for the year ended December 31, 2016? (b) What should be the amount of rent expense incurred by Dunbar from this lease for the year ended December 31, 2016? Solution 21-125 (a) (b) Revenue 4/1/16—12/31/16 ($300,000 × 9/12) Expenses: Depreciation ($200,000 × 9/12) Maintenance, etc. Income before taxes $225,000 $150,000 15,000 165,000 $ 60,000 Rent expense, 4/1/16—12/31/16 ($300,000 × 9/12) = $225,000. Ex. 21-126—Lease criteria for classification by lessor. What are the criteria that must be satisfied for a lessor to classify a lease as a direct-financing or sales-type lease? Solution 21-126 In order for a lessor to classify a lease as a direct-financing or a sales-type lease, the lease at the date of inception must satisfy one or more of the following criteria (a, b, c, and d): (a) The lease transfers ownership of the property to the lessee. (b) The lease contains a bargain purchase option. (c) The lease term is for the major part of the economic life of the asset. (d) The present value of the minimum lease payments amounts to substantially all of the fair value of the leased asset. Ex. 21-127—Direct-financing lease (essay). Explain the procedures used to account for a direct-financing lease. 21 - 34 Test Bank for Intermediate Accounting, IFRS Edition, 2e Solution 21-127 The lessor records the present value of the minimum lease payments (excluding executory costs) plus the present value of the unguaranteed residual value (a guaranteed residual value is included in the minimum lease payments) as Lease Receivable and removes the asset from the books. The lessor records payments received as a reduction in Lease Receivable and Interest Revenue. Interest revenue is recognized by using the effective-interest method. The implicit interest rate is applied to the declining balance of the Lease Receivable balance. The implicit rate is the rate of interest that will discount the minimum lease payments (excluding executory costs) and the unguaranteed residual value to the fair value of the asset at the inception of the lease. Ex. 21-128—Lessor accounting—sales-type lease. Hayes Corp. is a manufacturer of truck trailers. On January 1, 2015, Hayes Corp. leases ten trailers to Lester Company under a six-year noncancelable lease agreement. The following information about the lease and the trailers is provided: 1. Equal annual payments that are due on December 31 each year provide Hayes Corp. with an 8% return on net investment (present value factor for 6 periods at 8% is 4.62288). 2. Titles to the trailers pass to Lester at the end of the lease. 3. The fair value of each trailer is $50,000. The cost of each trailer to Hayes Corp. is $45,000. Each trailer has an expected useful life of nine years. Instructions (a) What type of lease is this for the lessor? Discuss. (b) Calculate the annual lease payment. (Round to nearest dollar.) (c) Prepare a lease amortization schedule for Hayes Corp. for the first three years. (d) Prepare the journal entries for the lessor for 2015 and 2016 to record the lease agreement, the receipt of the lease rentals, and the recognition of income (assume the use of a perpetual inventory method and round all amounts to the nearest dollar). Solution 21-128 (a) It is a sales-type lease to the lessor, Hayes Corp. Hayes's (the manufacturer) profit upon sale is $50,000, which is recognized in the year of sale (2015). It is not an operating lease because title to the assets passes to the lessee, and the present value ($500,000) of the minimum lease payments equals or exceeds 90% ($450,000) of the fair value of the leased trailers. The remaining accounting treatment is similar to that accorded a direct-financing lease. (b) ($50,000 × 10) ÷ 4.62288 = $108,158. Accounting for Leases 21 - 35 Solution 21-128 (cont.) (c) Lease Amortization Schedule (Lessor) Date 1/1/15 12/31/15 12/31/16 12/31/17 (d) Annual Lease Rental Interest on Lease Receivable Lease Receivable Recovery $108,158 108,158 108,158 $40,000 34,547 28,658 $68,158 73,611 79,500 January 1, 2015 Lease Receivable......................................................................... Cost of Goods Sold...................................................................... Sales Revenue................................................................. Inventory........................................................................... December 31, 2015 Cash............................................................................................. Lease Receivable............................................................. Interest Revenue.............................................................. December 31, 2016 Cash............................................................................................. Lease Receivable............................................................. Interest Revenue.............................................................. Lease Receivable $500,000 431,842 358,231 278,731 500,000 450,000 500,000 450,000 108,158 68,158 40,000 108,158 73,611 34,547 *Ex. 21-129—Lessee and lessor accounting (sale-leaseback). On January 1, 2016, Morris Company sells land to Lopez Corporation for $8,000,000, and immediately leases the land back. The following information relates to this transaction: 1. The term of the noncancelable lease is 20 years and the title transfers to Morris Company at the end of the lease term. 2. The land has a cost basis of $6,720,000 to Morris. 3. The lease agreement calls for equal rental payments of $754,459 at the beginning of each year. 4. The land has a fair value of $8,000,000 on January 1, 2016. 5. The incremental borrowing rate of Morris Company is 10%. Morris is aware that Lopez Corporation set the annual rentals to ensure a rate of return of 8%. 6. Morris Company pays all executory costs which total $255,000 in 2016. Instructions (a) Prepare the journal entries for the entire year 2016 on the books of Morris Company to reflect the above sale and lease transactions (include a partial amortization schedule and round all amounts to the nearest dollar.) (b) Prepare the journal entries for the entire year 2016 on the books of Lopez Corporation to reflect the above purchase and lease transactions. 21 - 36 Test Bank for Intermediate Accounting, IFRS Edition, 2e *Solution 21-129 (a) Morris Company (Lessee) January 1, 2016 Cash............................................................................................. 8,000,000 Land.................................................................................. Unearned Profit on Sale-Leaseback................................. Leased Land Under Finance Leases............................................ 8,000,000 Lease Liability................................................................... Throughout 2016 Executory Costs (Insurance and Taxes)....................................... 255,000 Accounts Payable and Cash............................................. December 31, 2016 Unearned Profit on Sale-Leaseback............................................. Revenue from Sale-Leaseback ($1,280,000 ÷ 20)............ Interest Expense.......................................................................... Interest Payable................................................................ 6,720,000 1,280,000 8,000,000 255,000 64,000 64,000 579,643 579,643 Partial Lease Amortization Schedule Date 1/1/16 1/1/16 (b) Annual Lease Payment Interest 8% $754,459 -0- Reduction of Lease Liability $754,459 Balance $8,000,000 7,245,540 Lopez Corporation (Lessor) January 1, 2016 Land............................................................................................. 8,000,000 Cash................................................................................. 8,000,000 Cash............................................................................................. 754,459 Lease Receivable......................................................................... 7,245,541 Land.................................................................................. 8,000,000 December 31, 2016 Interest Receivable....................................................................... Interest Revenue.............................................................. 579,643 579,643 *Ex. 21-130—Sale-leaseback. On January 1, 2016, Hester Co. sells machinery to Beck Corp. at its fair value of $480,000 and leases it back. The machinery had a carrying value of $420,000, the lease is for 10 years and the implicit rate is 10%. The lease payments of $71,000 start on January 1, 2016. Hester uses straight-line depreciation and there is no residual value. Instructions (a) Prepare all of Hester's entries for 2016. (b) Prepare all of Beck's entries for 2016. Accounting for Leases 21 - 37 *Solution 21-130 (a) Hester Co. (Lessee) January 1, 2016 Cash............................................................................................. Machinery......................................................................... Unearned Profit on Sale-Leaseback................................. 420,000 60,000 Leased Machinery........................................................................ Lease Liability................................................................... 480,000 Lease Liability............................................................................... Cash................................................................................. 71,000 December 31, 2016 Depreciation Expense.................................................................. Accumulated Depreciation—Finance Lease..................... (b) 480,000 480,000 71,000 48,000 48,000 Unearned Profit on Sale-Leaseback............................................. Depreciation Expense....................................................... 6,000 Interest Expense [10% × ($480,000 – $71,000)].......................... Interest Payable................................................................ 40,900 Beck Corp. (Lessor) January 1, 2016 Machinery..................................................................................... Cash................................................................................. 6,000 40,900 480,000 480,000 Lease Receivable......................................................................... Machinery......................................................................... 480,000 Cash............................................................................................. Lease Receivable............................................................. 71,000 December 31, 2016 Interest Receivable....................................................................... Interest Revenue.............................................................. 480,000 71,000 40,900 40,900 21 - 38 Test Bank for Intermediate Accounting, IFRS Edition, 2e PROBLEMS Pr. 21-131—Lessee accounting—finance lease. Eubank Company, as lessee, enters into a lease agreement for equipment on July 1, 2015. The following data are relevant to the lease agreement: 1. The term of the noncancelable lease is 4 years, with no renewal option. Payments of $782,757 are due on July 1 of each year, beginning July 1, 2015. 2. The fair value of the equipment on July 1, 2015 is $2,800,000. The equipment has an economic life of 6 years with no salvage value. 3. Eubank depreciates similar machinery it owns on the sum-of-the-years'-digits basis. 4. The lessee pays all executory costs. 5. Eubank's incremental borrowing rate is 10% per year. The lessee is aware that the lessor used an implicit rate of 8% in computing the lease payments (present value factor for 4 periods at 8%, 3.57710; at 10%, 3.48685. Instructions (a) Indicate the type of lease Eubank Company has entered into and what accounting treatment is applicable. (b) Prepare the journal entries on Eubank's books that relate to the lease agreement for the following dates: (Round all amounts to the nearest dollar. Include a partial amortization schedule.) 1. July 1, 2015. 2. December 31, 2015. 3. July 1, 2016. 4. December 31, 2016. Solution 21-131 (a) Capitalized amount: $782,757 × PV of an annuity due for 4 periods at 8% $782,757 × 3.57710 = $2,800,000 Because the present value of the lease payments ($2,800,000) equals the fair value, $2,800,000, of the leased property, it is a finance lease and must be accounted for under the finance lease method. (b) 1. 2. July 1, 2015 Leased Equipment.................................................................. 2,800,000 Lease Liability............................................................. Cash........................................................................... December 31, 2015 Depreciation Expense............................................................. Accumulated Depreciation—Finance Leases [($2,800,000 × 4/10) × 6/12]................................... Interest Expense ($2,017,243 × .08 × 6/12)............................ Interest Payable.......................................................... 2,017,243 782,757 560,000 560,000 80,690 80,690 Accounting for Leases 21 - 39 Solution 21-131 (cont.) Lease Amortization Schedule Date 7/1/15 7/1/16 7/1/17 3. 4. Annual Lease Payment $782,757 782,757 Interest on Unpaid Liability $161,379 111,669 Reduction of Lease Liability $621,378 671,088 July 1, 2016 Interest Expense...................................................................... Lease Liability.......................................................................... Cash.............................................................................. (Interest payable entry assumed to have been reversed 1/1/16) December 31, 2016 Depreciation Expense.............................................................. Accumulated Depreciation—Finance Leases................. [($2,800,000 × 4/10) × 6/12 plus ($2,800,000 × 3/10) × 6/12] Interest Expense ($111,669 × 6/12)......................................... Interest Payable............................................................. Balance of Lease Liability $2,017,243 1,395,865 724,777 161,379 621,378 782,757 980,000 980,000 55,835 55,835 Pr. 21-132—Lessee accounting—finance lease. Krause Company on January 1, 2016, enters into a five-year noncancelable lease, with four renewal options of one year each, for equipment having an estimated useful life of 10 years and a fair value to the lessor, Daly Corp., at the inception of the lease of $3,000,000. Krause's incremental borrowing rate is 8%. Krause uses the straight-line method to depreciate its assets. The lease contains the following provisions: 1. Rental payments of $219,000 including $19,000 for property taxes, payable at the beginning of each six-month period. 2. A termination penalty assuring renewal of the lease for a period of four years after expiration of the initial lease term. 3. An option allowing the lessor to extend the lease one year beyond the last renewal exercised by the lessee. 4. A guarantee by Krause Company that Daly Corp. will realize $100,000 from selling the asset at the expiration of the lease. However, the actual residual value is expected to be $60,000. Instructions (a) What kind of lease is this to Krause Company? (b) What should be considered the lease term? (c) What are the minimum lease payments? (d) What is the present value of the minimum lease payments? (PV factor for annuity due of 20 semi-annual payments at 8% annual rate, 14.13394; PV factor for amount due in 20 interest periods at 8% annual rate, .45639.) (Round to nearest dollar.) (e) What journal entries would Krause record during the first year of the lease? (Include an amortization schedule through 1/1/17 and round to the nearest dollar.) 21 - 40 Test Bank for Intermediate Accounting, IFRS Edition, 2e Solution 21-132 (a) This lease is a finance lease to Krause Company because its term (10 years—see computation in b below) exceeds 75% of the equipment's estimated useful life. In addition, the present value (see computation in d below) of the minimum lease payments (see computation in c below) exceeds 90% of the fair value of the equipment ($3,000,000). (b) The lease term is: Noncancelable period Additional period for which termination penalty assures renewal Period covered by lessor extension option (c) The minimum lease payments are: Semi-annual rental payments Executory costs Residual guarantee Minimum lease payments The present value of the minimum lease payments is: Factor for present value of an annuity due, 20 periods, 4% Semi-annual payments, net of executory costs 14.13394 $ 200,000 2,826,788 Factor for present value of $1 due in 20 interest periods at 4% .45639 Residual guarantee × 100,000 Present value of lease payments (e) January 1, 2016 Leased Equipment........................................................................ 2,872,427 Lease Liability................................................................... January 1, 2016 Lease Liability............................................................................... Property Taxes.............................................................................. Cash................................................................................. 200,000 19,000 July 1, 2016 Lease Liability............................................................................... Property Taxes ............................................................................. Interest Expense .......................................................................... Cash................................................................................. 93,103 19,000 106,897 Date Initial PV 1/1/16 7/1/16 1/1/17 — 106,897 103,173 $200,000 93,103 96,827 45,639 $2,872,427 2,872,427 219,000 Lease Amortization Schedule Semi-Annual Interest Reduction of Lease Payment 4% Lease Liability $200,000 200,000 200,000 years years year years $ 219,000 (19,000) 200,000 × 20 4,000,000 100,000 $4,100,000 Number of payments over lease term (d) 5 4 1 10 219,000 Balance $2,872,427 2,672,427 2,579,324 2,482,497 Accounting for Leases 21 - 41 Solution 21-132 (cont.) December 31, 2016 Depreciation Expense.................................................................. Accumulated Depreciation—Finance Leases................... Interest Expense.......................................................................... Interest Payable ............................................................... *($2,872,427 – $60,000) ÷ 10 = $281,243. 281,243* 281,243 103,173 103,173 Pr. 21-133—Lessor accounting—direct-financing lease. Lucas, Inc. enters into a lease agreement as lessor on January 1, 2015, to lease an airplane to National Airlines. The term of the noncancelable lease is eight years and payments are required at the beginning of each year. The following information relates to this agreement: 1. National Airlines has the option to purchase the airplane for $12,000,000 when the lease expires at which time the fair value is expected to be $20,000,000. 2. The airplane has a cost of $51,000,000 to Lucas, an estimated useful life of fourteen years, and a salvage value of zero at the end of that time (due to technological obsolescence). 3. National Airlines will pay all executory costs related to the leased airplane. 4. Annual beginning of year lease payments of $7,172,753 allow Lucas to earn an 8% return on its investment. Instructions (a) What type of lease is this? Discuss. (b) Prepare a lease amortization schedule for the lessor for the first two years (2015-2016). (Round all amounts to nearest dollar.) (c) Prepare the journal entries on the books of the lessor to record the lease agreement, to reflect payments received under the lease, and to recognize revenue, for 2015. Solution 21-133 (a) The lease is a direct-financing type lease from the lessor's point of view or a finance lease from the lessee's point of view. The lease contains a bargain purchase option which satisfies one of the criteria for classification as a direct-financing lease. The option to buy for $12,000,000 at the termination of the lease when the asset is expected to have a fair value of $20,000,000 constitutes a bargain purchase option. (b) Date 1/1/15 1/1/15 1/1/16 Lessor's Lease Amortization Schedule Annual Interest on Lease Receivable Lease Rental Lease Receivable Recovery Lease Receivable $51,000,000 $7,172,753* -0$7,172,753 43,827,247 7,172,753 3,506,180 3,666,573 40,160,674 *[$51,000,000 – ($12,000,000 × .54027)] ÷ 6.20637 = $7,172,753. 21 - 42 Test Bank for Intermediate Accounting, IFRS Edition, 2e Solution 21-133 (cont.) (c) January 1, 2015 Cash........................................................................................... 7,172,753 Lease Receivable....................................................................... 43,827,247 Airplanes......................................................................... 51,000,000 December 31, 2015 Interest Receivable..................................................................... 3,506,180 Interest Revenue............................................................. 3,506,180
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